Thursday, 29 December 2011

The Different Types Of Toilet Paper And Paper Hand Towels

There are 4 main types of toilet paper on the market today. These include;

*Standard toilet roll
*Jumbo toilet paper roll
*Mini jumbo toilet roll
*Interleaved toilet paper

Standard toilet paper is the type of toilet paper you see in residential or office restrooms and is usually packaged 48 rolls in a case. In residential homes typically a 3 ply toilet tissue is used and similarly in a commercial environment a 2 ply sheet. The 2 ply 400 sheet toilet roll is generally the most popular bathroom tissue amongst distributors and resellers. The 2 ply 700 sheet is becoming increasingly popular as it is more cost effective per sheet compared with the 2 ply 400 sheet and as of equal quality. There is also 1 ply 850 sheet and 1 ply 1000 sheet toilet tissue which are used on a smaller scale. Due to the large number of sheets on a roll they are very economical, however suffer on quality as they are only 1 ply.

Jumbo toilet paper is typically see in a public restroom and packaged 8 to a carton. For a 2 ply jumbo usually the rolls are about 30cm across and measure about 300m when unrolled. For a 1 ply jumbo this doubles to 600m when unrolled. Mini jumbo toilet tissue is a smaller version of the jumbo roll and usually measures about 170m when unrolled for a 2 ply sheet. Jumbo toilet rolls are sometimes referred to as JRT rolls. Jumbo toilet paper is by far the most economical form of toilet paper compared with standard rolls and interleaved toilet paper.

Interleaved toilet tissue is also seen in public restrooms and packaged 36 to carton. Like toilet rolls and jumbos, interleaved toilet paper is manufactured in 1 ply and 2 ply. There are normally 250 sheets to a pack for 2 ply and 500 sheets for 1 ply. Instead of being on a roll the paper folded in layers, one on top of the other. Typically interleaved toilet paper is more expensive than the standard and jumbo roll toilet paper which is why it's not frequently used.

The softness of a roll of toilet paper is normally proportional to the ply of the paper. When we talk about the ply of the toilet tissue we are talking about how many layers the toilet paper contains. The two most common are 1 ply and 2 ply sheets. One ply toilet tissue has one layer and 2 ply toilet tissue has two layers bonded together. The type of material used in making toilet paper can also be a factor in the softness. Some toilet papers use finer paper material to make the toilet paper softer. If the paper is recycled then it won't be as soft compared with paper that is derived from virgin material. Recycled toilet paper is significantly cheaper than virgin and is becoming progressively more popular as there is now more focus on environment sustainability.

There are a number of options when it comes to toilet paper dispensers. The most common form of dispensers are as follows;
*Triple-line toilet roll dispenser - This dispenser holds 3 standard toilet rolls, one on top of the other. The paper is manually dispensed by the user.
*Single jumbo roll dispenser - This dispenser holds one jumbo toilet roll and is manually dispensed by the user
*Double jumbo toilet roll dispenser - This dispenser holds two jumbo toilet rolls side by side and is manually dispensed by the user
*Interleaved toilet paper dispenser - This dispenser holds approximately 4 packs of interleaved toilet paper and is stacked vertically and is manually dispensed by the user.

There are 6 main types of paper hand towels on the market today. These include;
*Ultra slim paper hand towels
*Slim line paper hand towels
*Extra large paper hand towels
*Compact hand towels
*Roll hand towel
*Centre feed hand towel

Ultra slim and slim line paper towels are typically seen in a public or commercial restroom and usually packaged anywhere from 2400 to 4000 sheets per case depending on the manufacturer. The sheet size for an ultra slim towel is usually 24 x 24cm and similarly for slim line 23 x 23cm. Although the slim line towel is slightly smaller its girth is wider in cross section. That is why different paper towel dispensers are required for each product. You would find that an ultra slim paper towel would fall out of slim line dispenser quite easily due to the decreased width. On the other hand a slim line paper hand towel would be too wide to fit in an ultra slim paper towel dispenser. The ultra slim is normally manufactured 2 ply which is the reason why it is considerably more expensive than the slim line paper towel. Extra large paper hand towels are just a larger, more expensive version of the ultra slim paper towel. They are normally 24 x 37cm in dimension.

Compact towels are on the smaller end of the spectrum in the paper hand towel family. They are very popular in the medical & dental industry amongst nurses and dentists and usually packaged 2400 to a carton. The compact towel is designed to fit a smaller profile dispenser so is ideal for confined wall spaces. The size of compact hand towels varies quite considerably from manufacturer to manufacturer. Common sizes include 20 x 25cm and 19 x 28cm.

Roll towel is another alternative to the interleaved towel and is typically seen in public and commercial restrooms. Roll hand towel is normally manufactured in 80m or 100m rolls and are packaged 16 to a carton. The roll is approximately 19cm long. The user manually pulls the roll towel from the dispenser and tears the paper off using the teeth on the dispenser. For this reason there is usually more wastage with this type of hand towel as a user tends to pull out more paper towel than needed. There are also larger rolls that are used in auto cut dispensers and are between 200-300m. These are packaged 6 to a carton. Auto cut dispensers are used to ensure automatically dispense the paper to minimise wastage.

Centrefeed hand towel is the ideal hand drying format in markets such as food manufacturing and processing, clubs, education and other facilities requiring a high capacity hand towel solution. Centrefeed towel as a standard is manufactured in 300m rolls and are packaged 4 to a carton. The roll is normally 19-20cm in length. The difference between centrefeed and roll hand towel is the paper is fed through the core of the roll.

There are a number of options when it comes to paper towel dispensers. The most common form of dispensers are as follows;

*Ultra slim paper towel dispenser - Fits ultra slim hand towels 24 x 24cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Slim line paper towel dispenser- Fits the wider slim line paper hand towels 23 x 23cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Compact paper towel dispenser - Fits the compact hand towel 19 x 25cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Roll hand towel dispenser - Fits either the 80m or 100m paper hand towel and is manually dispensed by the user
*Auto-cut hand towel dispenser - Fits a 200m paper hand towel and is automatically dispensed to minimise wastage.
*Centrefeed paper towel dispenser - Fits either 300m paper handtowel and is manually dispensed by the user

Tuesday, 13 December 2011

Overview Of Toilet Types And Design

Toilets are not really given too much thought until they start to leak or become clogged. Then most people are very interested in them. While not being the topic of too many conversations, knowing what types of toilets are available on the market and how they work just might come in handy some day. After all, it has been estimated that up to thirty percent of the water we use in our homes is used by our toilets. The more we know, the better our decisions will be when the time comes to repair or replace one.

In terms of functionality, there are basically two primary types to keep in mind. There are single flush and dual flush models that are predominant in home these days. Single flush models are more common having been the earliest design but dual flush types are gaining traction as more people become aware of the environmental impact of wasted water and the savings that using less water can deliver. The difference between the two models is that single flush toilets have a single flushing mechanism and use the same amount of water for all types of waste. Dual flush models have two flushing mechanisms and allows people to choose between using a large water volume for flushing solid waste and a smaller water volume for flushing liquid waste.

In regards to design, there are three primary methods utilized for actually performing the flushing action. The first one makes use of gravity to get the job done. Gravity design toilets probably account for around 98 percent of all toilets in our homes. As one might guess, the water from the tank gets dispensed into the bowl by the flushing lever on the toilet, and through the use of gravity and a design that creates a siphon effect, the waste contents get carried out into the sewage system.

The other two mechanisms for performing the flushing action are vacuum and pressure aided designs. While these have their place and purpose, you won't be seeing these in too many homes. These were designed with commercial and institutional use in mind. A vacuum design toilet has a device located in the trap that is used in conjunction with the water to flush the contents of the bowl. The pressure design combines air with the water to accomplish the flushing. These are more expensive and more powerful than gravity design models.

There you have the basic overview of the types and designs of toilets. For residential use, there are really just two to focus on for your needs, the single and dual flush gravity type toilets. If you are replacing an older toilet, always opt for the water saving dual flush type. Making the choice to go eco-friendly might cost a little more upfront, but the savings over time will more than compensate for the extra initial cost of purchasing the toilet. By making the wise choice, you get the double advantage of being able to lower your environmental impact and save money.