Thursday, 29 December 2011

The Different Types Of Toilet Paper And Paper Hand Towels

There are 4 main types of toilet paper on the market today. These include;

*Standard toilet roll
*Jumbo toilet paper roll
*Mini jumbo toilet roll
*Interleaved toilet paper

Standard toilet paper is the type of toilet paper you see in residential or office restrooms and is usually packaged 48 rolls in a case. In residential homes typically a 3 ply toilet tissue is used and similarly in a commercial environment a 2 ply sheet. The 2 ply 400 sheet toilet roll is generally the most popular bathroom tissue amongst distributors and resellers. The 2 ply 700 sheet is becoming increasingly popular as it is more cost effective per sheet compared with the 2 ply 400 sheet and as of equal quality. There is also 1 ply 850 sheet and 1 ply 1000 sheet toilet tissue which are used on a smaller scale. Due to the large number of sheets on a roll they are very economical, however suffer on quality as they are only 1 ply.

Jumbo toilet paper is typically see in a public restroom and packaged 8 to a carton. For a 2 ply jumbo usually the rolls are about 30cm across and measure about 300m when unrolled. For a 1 ply jumbo this doubles to 600m when unrolled. Mini jumbo toilet tissue is a smaller version of the jumbo roll and usually measures about 170m when unrolled for a 2 ply sheet. Jumbo toilet rolls are sometimes referred to as JRT rolls. Jumbo toilet paper is by far the most economical form of toilet paper compared with standard rolls and interleaved toilet paper.

Interleaved toilet tissue is also seen in public restrooms and packaged 36 to carton. Like toilet rolls and jumbos, interleaved toilet paper is manufactured in 1 ply and 2 ply. There are normally 250 sheets to a pack for 2 ply and 500 sheets for 1 ply. Instead of being on a roll the paper folded in layers, one on top of the other. Typically interleaved toilet paper is more expensive than the standard and jumbo roll toilet paper which is why it's not frequently used.

The softness of a roll of toilet paper is normally proportional to the ply of the paper. When we talk about the ply of the toilet tissue we are talking about how many layers the toilet paper contains. The two most common are 1 ply and 2 ply sheets. One ply toilet tissue has one layer and 2 ply toilet tissue has two layers bonded together. The type of material used in making toilet paper can also be a factor in the softness. Some toilet papers use finer paper material to make the toilet paper softer. If the paper is recycled then it won't be as soft compared with paper that is derived from virgin material. Recycled toilet paper is significantly cheaper than virgin and is becoming progressively more popular as there is now more focus on environment sustainability.

There are a number of options when it comes to toilet paper dispensers. The most common form of dispensers are as follows;
*Triple-line toilet roll dispenser - This dispenser holds 3 standard toilet rolls, one on top of the other. The paper is manually dispensed by the user.
*Single jumbo roll dispenser - This dispenser holds one jumbo toilet roll and is manually dispensed by the user
*Double jumbo toilet roll dispenser - This dispenser holds two jumbo toilet rolls side by side and is manually dispensed by the user
*Interleaved toilet paper dispenser - This dispenser holds approximately 4 packs of interleaved toilet paper and is stacked vertically and is manually dispensed by the user.

There are 6 main types of paper hand towels on the market today. These include;
*Ultra slim paper hand towels
*Slim line paper hand towels
*Extra large paper hand towels
*Compact hand towels
*Roll hand towel
*Centre feed hand towel

Ultra slim and slim line paper towels are typically seen in a public or commercial restroom and usually packaged anywhere from 2400 to 4000 sheets per case depending on the manufacturer. The sheet size for an ultra slim towel is usually 24 x 24cm and similarly for slim line 23 x 23cm. Although the slim line towel is slightly smaller its girth is wider in cross section. That is why different paper towel dispensers are required for each product. You would find that an ultra slim paper towel would fall out of slim line dispenser quite easily due to the decreased width. On the other hand a slim line paper hand towel would be too wide to fit in an ultra slim paper towel dispenser. The ultra slim is normally manufactured 2 ply which is the reason why it is considerably more expensive than the slim line paper towel. Extra large paper hand towels are just a larger, more expensive version of the ultra slim paper towel. They are normally 24 x 37cm in dimension.

Compact towels are on the smaller end of the spectrum in the paper hand towel family. They are very popular in the medical & dental industry amongst nurses and dentists and usually packaged 2400 to a carton. The compact towel is designed to fit a smaller profile dispenser so is ideal for confined wall spaces. The size of compact hand towels varies quite considerably from manufacturer to manufacturer. Common sizes include 20 x 25cm and 19 x 28cm.

Roll towel is another alternative to the interleaved towel and is typically seen in public and commercial restrooms. Roll hand towel is normally manufactured in 80m or 100m rolls and are packaged 16 to a carton. The roll is approximately 19cm long. The user manually pulls the roll towel from the dispenser and tears the paper off using the teeth on the dispenser. For this reason there is usually more wastage with this type of hand towel as a user tends to pull out more paper towel than needed. There are also larger rolls that are used in auto cut dispensers and are between 200-300m. These are packaged 6 to a carton. Auto cut dispensers are used to ensure automatically dispense the paper to minimise wastage.

Centrefeed hand towel is the ideal hand drying format in markets such as food manufacturing and processing, clubs, education and other facilities requiring a high capacity hand towel solution. Centrefeed towel as a standard is manufactured in 300m rolls and are packaged 4 to a carton. The roll is normally 19-20cm in length. The difference between centrefeed and roll hand towel is the paper is fed through the core of the roll.

There are a number of options when it comes to paper towel dispensers. The most common form of dispensers are as follows;

*Ultra slim paper towel dispenser - Fits ultra slim hand towels 24 x 24cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Slim line paper towel dispenser- Fits the wider slim line paper hand towels 23 x 23cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Compact paper towel dispenser - Fits the compact hand towel 19 x 25cm and is manually dispensed by the user
*Roll hand towel dispenser - Fits either the 80m or 100m paper hand towel and is manually dispensed by the user
*Auto-cut hand towel dispenser - Fits a 200m paper hand towel and is automatically dispensed to minimise wastage.
*Centrefeed paper towel dispenser - Fits either 300m paper handtowel and is manually dispensed by the user

Tuesday, 13 December 2011

Overview Of Toilet Types And Design

Toilets are not really given too much thought until they start to leak or become clogged. Then most people are very interested in them. While not being the topic of too many conversations, knowing what types of toilets are available on the market and how they work just might come in handy some day. After all, it has been estimated that up to thirty percent of the water we use in our homes is used by our toilets. The more we know, the better our decisions will be when the time comes to repair or replace one.

In terms of functionality, there are basically two primary types to keep in mind. There are single flush and dual flush models that are predominant in home these days. Single flush models are more common having been the earliest design but dual flush types are gaining traction as more people become aware of the environmental impact of wasted water and the savings that using less water can deliver. The difference between the two models is that single flush toilets have a single flushing mechanism and use the same amount of water for all types of waste. Dual flush models have two flushing mechanisms and allows people to choose between using a large water volume for flushing solid waste and a smaller water volume for flushing liquid waste.

In regards to design, there are three primary methods utilized for actually performing the flushing action. The first one makes use of gravity to get the job done. Gravity design toilets probably account for around 98 percent of all toilets in our homes. As one might guess, the water from the tank gets dispensed into the bowl by the flushing lever on the toilet, and through the use of gravity and a design that creates a siphon effect, the waste contents get carried out into the sewage system.

The other two mechanisms for performing the flushing action are vacuum and pressure aided designs. While these have their place and purpose, you won't be seeing these in too many homes. These were designed with commercial and institutional use in mind. A vacuum design toilet has a device located in the trap that is used in conjunction with the water to flush the contents of the bowl. The pressure design combines air with the water to accomplish the flushing. These are more expensive and more powerful than gravity design models.

There you have the basic overview of the types and designs of toilets. For residential use, there are really just two to focus on for your needs, the single and dual flush gravity type toilets. If you are replacing an older toilet, always opt for the water saving dual flush type. Making the choice to go eco-friendly might cost a little more upfront, but the savings over time will more than compensate for the extra initial cost of purchasing the toilet. By making the wise choice, you get the double advantage of being able to lower your environmental impact and save money.

Tuesday, 29 November 2011

How To Fix Clogged Toilet

Clogged toilet is a big issue we all want to avoid. The knowledge of how to deal with clogged toilet can help you very much in saving lot of money and frustration. There are several hardware tools that can be found at any store and will help you in solving your clogged toilet situation. The drain blockage can be released with simple tools such as plunger, rag and even a closet hanger.

When we have problem of clogged toilet, the plunger is the best and most powerful tool to do the unclogging job quickly and efficiently. A toilet plunger has a rubber flange shaped to fit the bottom the clogged toilet bowl, this round shape block the pipe tunnel and creating high pressured vacuum inside the toilet pipeline. This high level vacuum will remove almost everything that is blocking the toilet. It is very simple to use the toilet plunger. You just need to insert the rubber flange deeply into the end of the toilet bowl. The next step is to move the plunger backward and forwards. Repeat this action few times until you successfully opened your clogged toilet.

Sometime we don’t have a toilet plunger, therefore we can try using a rag to fix our clogged toilet. The method is the same as the plunger technique. Take rag and wrap it until you get a shape of a ball. Then insert it to the bottom of the toilet bowl until it completely blocking the pipe. Next, use your hands to pump the toilet in a very similar way as you might use the toilet plunger until the toilet pipe is clear. The rag method to fix clogged toilet can be very dirty action as you must insert your hands deeply inside the toilet bowl and also the water might splash everywhere while trying to fix it.

A Closet hanger might be also useful to fix your clogged toilet. All you have to do is simply to make a hook shape at the edge of the hanger and thread it inside the toilet. The hanger will navigate through the curves of the toilet pipe until it reached to the blockage zone and release it.

Hopefully you managed to unclog your toilet successfully by now with those simply and useful techniques. If the problem is not solved yet it might be the time to call a professional plumber. Sometimes fixing the toilet is much complex than we think.

Monday, 7 November 2011

All About The Dual Flush Toilet

A dual flush toilet provides you with the option to select from two flushes. There reason for this is essentially to save water because it doesn’t take as much water to flush liquid waste as it does for solid waste. When you but a toilet that has both a high and a low volume flush, you’ll reduce the amount of water that your toilet uses by over half which is not only good for the environment but will also save you a lot of money during the lifetime of the toilet.

The difference that two different can make is nothing short of amazing. There have been studies of dual flush toilets show that have demonstrated that when compared to a traditional toilet they will lower the amount of water that is used by as much as 67 percent. The fact is that the amount of water that is saved is so significant that some counties like Australia which is starved for water, now have laws that make it mandatory that all newly installed toilets are dual flush. In an effort to conserve water where it is short supply, there are even some places in the US where drought is a primary concern that have enacted statutes.

The dual flush toilet is only just now becoming popular in North America and especially in the US. The idea of a twin flush is somewhat of a new technology, although these toilets first came on international market about ten years ago, and, until recently, they haven’t been so popular in the United States. But, with the widespread occurrences of drought that have plagued many parts of the US combined with the growing concern about our environment, many companies have gotten into the business and started to make these innovative toilets fairly popular for the smart homeowner who wants to save natural resources and money.

Another advantage of the dual flush toilet is their innovative appearance and design. Since this will soon be a very popular and competitive item in the marketplace and is somewhat of a new item, businesses are trying their best to make them as easy to use, aesthetically pleasing, and comfortable as possible. They are available many different styles that are all cutting edge, such as different types of mechanisms for flushing. The latest models have a button for each flush and come highly recommended over the pull/push models, primarily since they reduce the option of selecting the wrong flush volume. Although it sounds unlikely, but if you’re still groggy in the early morning or if you need to make a midnight trip to the bathroom, you shouldn’t have to stand there trying to remember if you should pull or push the handle so that you can save the environment and some money.

The only disadvantage to this system is that the plumbing that is needed to install one of these systems is considerable more complicated than the normal installation of a regular toilet and usually beyond the means of your average homeowner. If you decide to install one of these systems at your house you should get in touch with a plumber who is a professional to make sure they your new money and water saving toilet works precisely the way that it should and is free of problems for many years.

Sunday, 23 October 2011

Toilet Training Your Kids – A Real Challenge

Will Early Toilet Training Help Your Child?

Toilet training is the method of teaching your young kids on the proper use of the toilet and usually starts with the use of a potty chair or a smaller toilet bowl-shaped instrument.

A lot of old time parents believe that a child will be fully trained early on the right use of the toilet if their parents give them early toilet training. However, child experts are not in agreement with this belief. Study shows that even with early toilet training, a child will begin to recognize his “need to go” only when he is at least a year old. But he will still be too young at this age to understand of having to sit still on a toilet bowl. Only if a child is at least 18 months old that he will only be responsive to the toilet training you are subjecting him to. And will be relatively dry and clean when he’s about two-and-a-half or three years old.

Early Toilet Training is Ineffective

Do not think that you satisfyingly started your baby on early toilet training if he bears your sitting him on a potty chair every time he passes bowel movement.

Over time you will notice that he will be putting up a struggle if you insist to sit him on the pot, and eventually will refuse to sit on it at all. It is because he really detest your forcing him to sit on a pot longer that he wants to as he is only learning to crawl at this point.

Although you may catch a larger portion of your kid’s movement on the pot, his diapers will still get dirty. And you will find that changing soiled diapers is a lot easier than sitting your baby on a pot. For potting would mean that you will undress your kid, struggle to keep him sit still on the pot, clean him up before dressing him again. Then, you will dispose the soiled diapers after you have cleaned the potty chair.

You may ask yourself. What do you gain after all these? Nothing. Your child will not only learn nothing from the training you gave him, he may also develop an intense dislike for it. This will just delay his real toilet training later on.

Sunday, 2 October 2011

Toilet Unblocking Tips To Follow Before Getting An Emergency Plumber

Unblocking a toilet is hardly the most glamorous part of looking after your home – but leave it to fester and you could soon have a hefty bill from an emergency plumber.

For this reason, it’s important to act quickly and decisively as soon as you notice there’s a blockage. In some cases you can attempt to sort out the problem yourself, using a few cheap tools and products found at your local DIY store.

Firstly, it’s important to know what you absolutely should not do when you’ve got a blocked toilet, which is to flush it to try and clear the obstruction. Doing this could cause the toilet to overflow and flood the bathroom, causing damage which could push your repair bill even higher.

Instead, your first action should be to use a plunger to try to draw out the blockage and encourage it to progress through the pipes. You should push the plunger firmly down into the toilet then pull slowly upwards, creating vacuum in the head. You’ll often need to repeat this around ten times - you’ll know the blockage has been removed as you’ll hear water going down the pipes.

However, the blockage is proving stubborn, you may need to look into another course of action. Chemical drain cleaners or caustic sodas can be used to dislodge blockages – but you’ll need to be very careful with these as they can be a health hazard.

You could also check your drains – the cover is usually found somewhere outside your property. The blockage can often be in the chamber, which means you may have to invest in a specialist rod or wire to get to it. Alternatively, you could try using a long piece of wood. If the blockage isn’t in the chamber, this means it must be located elsewhere in the pipes or pan. Once you’ve eventually found the problem and moved it along, it’s important to remove it to avoid it causing further blockages further along.

If you’ve tried these methods and it’s still not shifting, it may be time to bring in an expert. Paying for one can be expensive, however, which is why many households get plumbing and drainage cover in place to ensure they can get a fully qualified tradesman in to sort out the problem without needing to worry about a big bill at the end. With this cover in place, you can call out a plumber as soon as you notice a blockage – let them get their hands dirty so you don’t have to.

Friday, 19 August 2011

Use Toilet Seat Covers To Prevent The Spread Of Dangerous Microbes

Regardless if it is in a public or private setting, a toilet could be used by several folks.

Because of the way in which how people use toilets, it is not hard to see the potential infections and diseases we could get by sitting on an unsanitized toilet seat.

Disposable toilet seat covers create an intervening barrier between the user and the toilet, making it hard for bacteria to spread.

This happens in two ways. First, when someone has a contagious infection and utilizes a disposable toilet seat cover, there is less probability that he or she could spread the bacteria across the toilet seat.

Then, if in case there are communicable germs on the toilet, a disposable toilet seat cover can help keep them from traveling to the user.

There are a few different types of disposable toilet seat covers. First, you can get the kind that can be flushed down your toilet after using it. Ordering these will be the best choice as they are extremely convenient and more sanitary. Some even bio-degrade after a couple minutes in the water, making them more environmentally responsible and better for sewage systems.

After that, you have the ones which you need to place inside the trash bin to dispose of them. This may be due to the seat cover not being able to disintegrate in water, being too bulky, or produced out of materials that would present a threat to the water supply if flushed. Subsequently, they are not very environmentally responsible, are less convenient, and less sanitary. Why would anybody wish to buy these? Put Simply, they're cheaper.

Costs vary across vendors and the number purchased. You could find a couple hundred on sale for a few dollars in some places. Moreover, you could buy a couple thousand for one or two hundred dollars. The merchants on this website will frequently give reasonable delivery prices. It's best to observe your usage for a few weeks, then use those figures to purchase what you would require for an entire year and buy it all at once. This will save you lots of money per unit as well as shipping costs.

If you have a business and want to take care of all the factors which can increase customer and employee retention, stocking plenty of disposable toilet seat covers is a must. There are an only a small number of things that those 2 groups value more than a safe, clean environment.

In addition, soon will come the day when disposable toilet seat covers are going to be an everyday household item, along with tissue paper, paper towels, toilet paper and the like. Household members and friends will no longer be able to picture themselves sitting on a toilet without one.

Thursday, 4 August 2011

Going to the Toilet When Camping

Let's face it; going to the toilet when camping can be a very awkward experience. Or is it? If you speak to someone who goes camping very regularly, you will find that going to the toilet when you are camping does not have to be uncomfortable or awkward at all. Today, you can get little portable toilets which fold up, or that stay as one piece. Some use chemicals to start the break down process, whilst others just have biodegradable bags that fill up and are buried. Whatever it is, you can ensure that your toilet issues when you are camping are no longer a problem.

To top it off, you can easily purchase a shower tent which can be used as a toilet tent too. If you have a toilet that can be moved around you simply keep it outside when you want to have a shower, and then move it back in when someone needs to use it. By having a shower tent you are ensuring that you have the most privacy possible, which is always nicer when you are doing your business! Of course, if you are hiking you might find it a bit harder to carry a heavy plastic portable toilet with you, so you have to put up with using a small trowel to dig a hole and then squat over.

Please make sure you clean up properly. Dig a hole at least 30 cm deep, and at least 100 metres away from any water. Make sure that everything is buried properly and that you try to dig as little number of holes as possible. A number of places are now making it compulsory to bring your own chemical portable toilet, because of the mess that is left behind by those that are inconsiderate. By using a chemical toilet that has biodegradable chemicals we can ensure that the environment is kept in a pristine state, as well as being able to do 'the business' without it being too troublesome.

By learning to go to the toilet properly when camping we can ensure that everyone can keep enjoying the massive number of spectacular camping locations throughout the world. It really is the small things that make all of the difference when you are camping. I've learnt that you are well worth purchasing a few of these things that make life handy if you want a more enjoyable camping trip!

Thursday, 21 July 2011

Are Toto Toilets the World's Best Toilets?

Who isn't familiar with the Toto toilet? Most people have heard of them, particularly in the US and Canada. Toto have become one of the leading toilet manufacturers, and have been producing high quality toilets and bathroom accessories for many years. The experience they have, combined with amazing innovations and great design make the Toto toilet one of the best you can buy.

The Toto Ultramax, Drake, Soiree, and Aquia are some of the most popular items in the Toto range. They also produce some revolutionary bidet toilet seats like the Washlet S200 and E200 models, providing an array of stunning functionality by converting the standard toilet into a bidet, plus more.

When buying any toilet, pre-planning is a vital task, to make sure everything fits and that plumbing can be easily installed. This is especially important if you are adding a Toto toilet to an existing bathroom suite, where color and style need to match. If your existing suite is white, no real problem, but for colored units, it's really important to ensure perfect matches, or you'll fret about it for years.

The great thing about the Toto toilet is that it is produced in a wide range of colors and styles to suit the home and the buyers tastes. Elongated and round bowl designs are available, as well as standard and 'tall' toilets. These tall models offer a couple of inches extra height for those who struggle to sit on a lower seat. This can include the elderly or people with back and leg problems. Be aware that the elongated bowl models protrude a little further into the room, generally about 32 inches, compared to 30" for a standard round bowl model.

As mentioned, the Ultramax toilet is one of the top selling Toto models. It's one-piece design is modern but elegant, and the syphon jet flush system ensures rapid and powerful flushing action every time. Sedona beige and Sanagloss cotton white are two of the most popular colors, but there are other colors and shades available. This is a low water usage toilet, with a low 1.6 gallons per flush offering great water savings over the life of the toilet.

Another one of Toto's flagship designs is the Drake toilet. It is also a low water consumption model, and offers an extremely quiet flush and refill system, ideal if you have family members who seem to get up every night to use the loo.The vitreous china bowl is treated with an ionized barrier finish to provide easy cleaning and less adhesion for dirt and bacteria.

If you are looking for a toilet for a public premise, the Toto Drake is also ADA certified. ADA toilets are an essential requirement in many public places so this is a good way to comply with the law, and offer great facilities to ALL your customers. Toto are very good at providing the exact products that their customers need, and listening to feedback and making changes accordingly. The competitive pricing makes the Toto toilet range one of the best on offer.

Thursday, 30 June 2011

Unclog A Toilet

Another thing that is certain in this life besides death and taxes is the fact that someday you will need to unclog a toilet. Many items can clog your toilet or the plumbing in your bathroom including hair, toilet paper, and yes, even razors, jewelry, or if you live in my house, toys. You do not need to call a plumber every time your toilet clogs up. In fact, there are some very simple tricks you can use to unclog the toilet yourself. A rule to follow here is never flush the toilet more than once when you see that it is clogged. This can easily cause the toilet to overflow, and if you are not prepared, you will have a huge mess in your bathroom!


One of the most common and easiest ways to loosen a clog in your toilet is by squirting some dish soap into the toilet drain, followed by a large bucket of hot water. This works by raising the temperature of the water surrounding the clog, and may loosen whatever is clogging your pipes enough to let it go free. The dish soap also gives a bit of lubrication during this process. Once you have done this, and the clog is gone, dump another bucket of hot water down the toilet to remove any excess gunk that might have built up in your pipes.


Plunging is probably the most common way of unclogging a toilet. I can honestly say that I use this method at least once a day in my household. Unfortunately this does not work if the clog is caused by something hard like a toy, but if you know that the clog is either caused by toilet paper , hair, or something else, reach for the plunger! Make sure there is water covering the ball end of the plunger. If there isn't enough water in the toilet to do this, you will need to add more water. This will create a better seal and allows for more pressure. Use the plunger firmly and once the water leaves the toilet bowl, you can safely flush the toilet again to make sure the clog is fully removed. After you have plunged the clog away, dump a bucket of hot water down the toilet to release any excess debris that may clog the toilet in the future.


Another option you can try if neither of the above worked for you is to use a sewer snake. Sewer snakes are coiled wires that can easily move through the pipes of your household plumbing, loosening anything that may be clogging it up. What you need to do is insert one end of the snake into the toilet and work it through until you have reached the clog. When you cannot go any further, twist and push the sewer snake until you break through whatever is clogging the pipe. Once the water begins to drain out you can simply flush the toilet again to remove any excess debris.

Sunday, 19 June 2011

The Waterless Toilet

Most people don't realize it, but it is not washing dishes or taking a shower that uses the most water during the day. It is actually the act of flushing a toilet. Older, less efficient toilets operate by passing over three gallons of water through the plumbing system with each flush. As water resources become more scarce, ways to cut down on some of the water that is literally being "flushed away" are being sought.

One method gradually becoming more popular is the use of a waterless, or composting, toilet. These toilets are rare in cities and suburbs because of the difficulty in securing appropriate building permits, but they are more common in rural areas. Composting toilets convert human waste into compost, which can be utilized as fertilizer once it has been treated.

Waterless composting toilets (also known as biological toilets) are waterless systems which rely on the principles of composting by mirco-organisms to decompose human waste, paper and other materials.

In this type of system, chambers or bins are installed below floor level. Extra organic matter such as wood shaving, paper or lawn clippings, are added to create an ideal composting environment. Micro-organisms decompose the collected material, with about three-quarters being converted to carbon dioxide and water vapor. Air drawn through the pile removes these gases and assists the micro-organisms with the decomposition.

Waterless composting toilets do not treat waste water from showers, sinks and washing machines, an additional system is required for their treatment. A waterless toilet can range in price from as low as $400 to nearly $3,000, depending on the type and features. Many models look like regular toilets and are available in a wide array of colors.

Until the use of waterless toilets becomes more common place, removing and replacing an older toilet with a more efficient one can save the average homeowner 4,000 gallons of water per year. If every older, inefficient toilet was replaced with a WaterSense-labeled toilet, nearly 640 billion gallons of water could be saved each year.

What is a WaterSense toilet? It is a toilet given a label by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) certifying that it uses 20 percent less water per flush than current federal standards. Typically, a WaterSense toilet uses 50 to 60 percent less water per flush than older models.

The water efficiency of a toilet depends on its age and type. Most toilets installed prior to 1992 are considered inefficient by today's standards, and typically use more than three gallons of water per flush. This means that a leaky, constantly running or simply inefficient toilet is the largest water-waster in a home, since toilets are by far the main source of water use in a home. In fact, flushing toilets accounts for as much as 40 percent of residential indoor water consumption.

Friday, 10 June 2011

Novelty Toilet Seats Give Brilliance to Your Bathroom

Are you feeling fed up with the same old look in your bathroom or powder room? One way to give it a facelift would be to redecorate -- maybe even undertake a full remodel. While that solution might have the potential to give you a truly stunning effect, it's likely to be expensive and require time as well as money for all the planning and professional work that a complete makeover would probably involve.

So how can you quickly achieve a fresh and vibrant effect in your bathroom without all the hassle of replacing fixtures and fittings, installing new light fixtures, repainting or putting up new wallpaper? One answer may be to spruce up your existing decor with one of the many novelty toilet seats available, combined with other new accessories and bathroom linens.

Let's start with the toilet: it's a vital fixture, of course, and in some respects it forms the focal point of the bathroom or powder room. And yet, all too often, people play safe with their bathroom design by choosing all white plumbing fixtures and losing the opportunity to put the stamp of their own personality and taste on this central item. But many homeowners feel that they should keep fittings such as the toilet, the sink, and the bathtub a neutral color in order that they can blend in with a wide variety of decorative choices in the rest of the room.

This may well be a sensible decision, but it doesn't stop you personalizing the loo with a novelty item such as a decorative toilet seat. Most toilet seats are relatively inexpensive to replace, can be attached to the bowl in just a few minutes without needing any hard-to-find tools, and can always be swapped out with a basic white alternative -- for example, when the time comes to show the home to prospective buyers.

You can even choose a unifying theme to link a decorative seat with other items in the bathroom -- for example, using a common motif on the toilet, on the shower curtain, on the bathroom rug, and so on.

When you start to look at the unusual toilet seat designs available -- particularly through online suppliers -- you begin to realize that there is practically no limit to the creativity and inventiveness that you can bring with this approach, as well as the opportunity to indulge a quirky sense of humor if you have one!

Here are some examples of some of the decorative toilet seat styles on the market, ranging from the weird and wonderful to the tastefully discreet:

Extreme and unusual toilet seats: who would want to sit on barbed wire? And yet, there are some models that have it embedded in acrylic, or printed as an image on the seat! It's similar to the effect that's achieved with some of the razor blade toilet seat designs also on the market.

Artistic toilet seats: when you're talking about painting or printing an image, there's no limit to what the imagination can conceive. Designs range from abstract shapes and patterns to animal prints, the enlarged image of an eye, birds, butterflies, even nude images. You can find craftsmen who specialize in decorating toilet seats, producing not only a unique accessory but also a true work of bathroom art.

Toilet Tattoos: this clever idea allows you to customize the look of your toilet without even having to replace the seat itself. These tattoos are actually pieces of electrostatic vinyl that you can remove from the backing paper and stick to the lid without needing any adhesive. In this way, they can even be peeled off and reused. Due to the applique method, they work best on plastic toilet seats. There's a whole range of different styles and patterns, and it's an inexpensive way to achieve an unusual effect in a short space of time.

Monday, 23 May 2011

Toilet For Small Spaces

Toilets come in a variety of styles and models. Some of which are one-piece models and others two-piece units. There is even the composting model for the eco-friendly touch. Models of toilets tend to be categorized, however, by the design of the flush, most of which tend to be reverse trap flush cisterns. A more expensive design is the siphon jet which also has the advantage of being more efficient. There is also the half-flush system which seems to be more popular in some countries than in others. The cistern isn't the end of the story, of course. When choosing a toilet you can decide between a wall-hung design or a low level cistern toilet; one of the traditional high-level cistern toilets; a low-level cistern toilet that has its back attached to the wall; closed coupled cistern toilet; an increasingly popular option is the composting toilet; and then, of course, you can always take a visit to Japan to view their fabulous Toto toilet which can only be purchased in Japan at present.

The Traditional Toilet

The traditional toilet often tends to take up too much wall space. Not just with the toilet bowl and cistern, but with water inlets being on the side of the cistern while the overflow may also be on the side. Of the various different models, each has its advantages and disadvantages. Perhaps one of the better choices for a toilet for small spaces would be the wall hung toilet which can be set at varying heights and due to its absence of appendages, can create a remarkable feeling of space in a room that is smaller than average.

Corner Cistern Unit

In a confined space, there is nothing to stop you fitting a corner toilet. These toilets are not as unusual as they sound - and it's the cistern that fits into the corner, rather than the toilet bowl. Ideal Standard is one of the companies that produce a corner toilet for small spaces: the model is one of the space ranges which, although only available in white, conform to Ideal Standard E7172, E7091, and E7204. It is only sold as a complete set, comprising bowl, corner cistern and toilet seat. The actual height of the toilet bowl is 395mm and, because the cistern is recessed into an available corner, this model makes the ideal design for a toilet for small spaces.

Innovative Designs

While solving the problem of providing a toilet for small spaces calls for innovative thinking, I think the Toto is probably a little too innovative - apart from taking up a bit too much space either side of the toilet bowl with its 'all-singing-all-dancing' routines of taking your blood pressure and analyzing your urine then relaying the resultant information on to your doctor! However, manufacturers of toilet porcelain do, in fact, make smaller toilets - some far too petite to be a great deal of use. For a toilet for small spaces you need to be looking for plumbing that enters the cistern from below instead of the side, with the cistern being no wider than 16 inches. However, when you do need a toilet for small spaces, you might consider a round front bowl, rather than one of the elongated ones. The round toilet bowls are shorter in length by a full 2 inches, making this choice a particularly useful toilet for small spaces - just perfect for when space is at a premium.

Friday, 13 May 2011

New Toilet Installing - You Can Do It!

If you can install your own toilet then you can choose what toilet best suits your needs, as there is a very big variety in style, price, and quality of toilets. installing your own toilet is not as big a question as you might think it is. Learn how you can install a toilet yourself. You can have your new model toilet in place in just a few hours. Probably even much less time than that.

The first thing you need to do is pick out the toilet that you prefer to have. If you are older or have health problems, consider a handicap height toilet. They are a couple of inches taller than a standard toilet and make it much easier to get up from. If you have a lot of usage than a pressure assisted toilet might also be a good fit for you. The extra water pressure will help to keep the toilet from clogging. Toilets usually come without a seat, so don't forget to buy a new one or you can save the one from your previous toilet if it will fit the bowl of the new one.

The floor does not have to be spotless before installing the new toilet, but it should be fairly clean. You will next need to install the tank onto the bowl. Set the bolts with the rubber washers on them in the holes on the tank and then set the tank on the back of the toilet bowl. Tighten the bolts gently, just expanding the washers a bit.

Next, turn the toilet bowl upside down and place an new wax ring and sleeve onto the toilet horn. The toilet bowl wax gasket works best if it is at room temperature. This will ensure the proper forming of seal. Now stand directly over the toilet and lift it turning it over and setting it down over the bolts in the flange. By doing this you will place the toilet on top of the wax ring. The bolts will come up through the holes on the side of the toilet.

Install the washers over the bolts and slowly tighten the nuts until snug, while slowly pressing down until the toilet is seated flush with the floor. Make certain that the bolts are tight enough to prevent the toilet from rocking, however do not over-tighten them. Tightening the bolts too much will cause the toilet which is porcelain, to crack. Now, reconnect the water line from the floor to the tank. To give it a nice finished look a bead of silicone caulk can be run around the base of the toilet. Remember that he caulk will be visible, so choose a color that looks good with your toilet for a professional look.

Installing your own toilet can be just that easy. In an afternoon your can pick out your new toilet, remove your old one, install your new one and have it up and flushing in no time at all! Then last of all, check for leaks!! Don't be embarrassed if you find a leak, retighten and check again. Even a pro will have a leak sometimes. Leaks happen! Good Luck!

Tuesday, 10 May 2011

Reasons Why You Shouldn't Build Your Own Composting Toilet

Among the eco-conscious crowd, composting toilets are a very commonplace product. Not only do they provide a natural form of waste disposal by recycling waste back to the earth, but they also save an enormous amount of water and money. There are many different types of composting toilets, but generally they fall into one of two categories: professionally manufactured systems and homemade units. In spite of the fact that doing it yourself has become a major movement in the United States and around the world, building a composting toilet is not something you should add to your DIY to-do list. In this article, we'll explain the top 5 important reasons why you shouldn't attempt to build your own composting toilet:

1. Homemade composting toilets may smell bad. Professionally manufactured units are designed with special venting systems and fans to make them 100% odorless. If you build your own toilet, it would be very difficult to replicate the same type of venting system that makes professional units odorless.

2. Homemade composting toilets are slow to produce finished compost. Many homemade composting toilets are nothing more than a toilet seat fitted over a 5 gallon bucket. In these instances, when the bucket gets full, it's transported to another location (usually outdoors, for obvious reasons), and then may take 2 to 3 years before the bucket can be opened and the material inside has turned into finished compost. A professional composting toilet is designed to hold all the material in one place, and it finishes the product much more quickly, usually within several months, depending on how often it's used.

3. Homemade compost toilets don't have a system for separating fresh waste from partially finished or completely finished compost. Most people have some feelings of hesitation about composting toilets in the first place. However, this is usually pretty easy to overcome, because modern, high tech systems are designed so that you never have to come into contact with the waste inside. homemade systems aren't usually as sophisticated, meaning that you may end up having to manually check the contents yourself to see if your compost is finished yet.

4. Homemade units present a potential biohazard. Because professional systems are regulated and most of them meet certain standards, they are tested and certified to produce a clean and sanitary end compost (to be on the safe side, though, always check out a manufacturer's certifications before making a purchase). With a homemade toilet, you don't have any of those safeguards to guarantee that the finished compost is pathogen-free.

5. For all of the reasons mentioned above, homemade composting toilets probably won't pass muster with your local building department. Whenever you engage in a home remodeling project or install a new fixture like a toilet, it's important to check your local building code to see what permits or approvals are needed for the work. If composting toilets aren't an approved waste treatment method in your city yet, it's usually pretty easy to get a building department to approve a professionally manufactured system. Just print out the product specifications and certifications and take them to your local officials. With a homemade system, it's not quite that easy, and most home made toilets aren't going to pass code.

The bottom line is, a composting toilet system is a sophisticated piece of equipment, designed to operate in an odorless and sanitary manner. When you try to build your own composting toilet, you're really taking a roll of the dice, and who knows what you may come out with. In almost every case, it is always better to spend the money buying a professionally manufactured system. After all, composting toilets are just like many other things in life: you get what you pay for.

Tag : toilet,composting toilet,composting

Friday, 29 April 2011

Composting Toilets - Clean, Odorless & Money Saving!

If you're like most people, chances are you don't really know what a composting toilet is or how it works. If your initial reaction to the idea is one of disgust, then read on, because we're about to shed some light on the subject! Many people think of a composting toilet as something similar to a port-a-potty or an outhouse. Contrary to this unpleasant image, composting toilets are very clean and sanitary, and they make a great alternative to traditional fixtures. In this article, we'll explain how composting toilets work, and why they are a superior waste management solution that you just might want to consider for your home.

The biggest misconception surrounding composting toilets is that they smell. In reality, nothing could be farther from the truth! If you purchase the right unit, it will be 100% odor free. Good composting toilets use a venting system to maintain odor free operation. A 2" or 4" vent stack must be installed to run vertically up from the toilet and out the roofline of your home. The vent stack is designed to draw air downward through the seat and then up and out the vent. This maintains a partial vacuum inside the unit and ensures that no odor can enter the bathroom. In some units, there is also a small fan assembly to assist with airflow.

There are many varieties of composting toilets to choose from, and contrary to popular belief, not all of them are waterless! There are many composting systems available that use water flushing toilets. These types of units are called central systems, and they are made up of a central composting unit (picture a big box) that sits in the basement or lower level. A separate, more traditional-looking toilet fixture is installed in the bathroom and connected to your water pipes to provide flushing liquid.

The finished product from a composting toilet is, of course, compost. While the uninitiated might have concerns about compost coming from human waste, there is no need to worry. Provided that you followed the manufacturer's instructions, the finished product from your composting unit will be clean and non-offensive. In fact, it will look and smell just like any other normal compost you might purchase from a nursery or garden center.

When shopping for a composting toilet, be sure to look into the product's certifications. Has it been tested to comply with national or international standards for waste management systems? Within North America, composting toilet systems are tested to NSF/ANSI Standard #41. To date, only two manufacturers of composting toilets have successfully had their systems tested and certified to comply with this standard.

The first is Clivus Multrum, a manufacturer of composting systems designed for use in parks and outdoor facilities. The second is Sun-Mar, a Canadian manufacturer of composting toilets designed and approved for residential use. It may be helpful to note that, for consumer's protection and safety, the NSF only certifies composting toilets that are odorless and that produce compost with fecal coliform that does not exceed 200 MPN per gram. In other words, if you use the unit correctly, the finished compost is sanitary and it will not make anyone sick. For more information, visit the NSF's website.

Traditional toilets use as much as 30% of the average household's water consumption. As we move through the 21st century, composting toilets will become an increasingly popular choice for those who need to conserve water, or who simply wish to save money on expensive water and sewer costs. Furthermore, composting toilets are no longer the ugly, awkward fixtures of the past. Modern systems are sleek and contemporary, and blend perfectly in a residential setting. If you're like other Americans looking for ways to save money or minimize your ecological impact, now may be a good time to consider a composting toilet system for your home.

Tuesday, 19 April 2011

Classic Toilet Myths Debunked

Depending on your location, a trip to the bathroom can be somewhat scary. A few restroom toilets that personally frighten me are rest stop toilets, sporting event toilets and the one and only outdoor port a potty. The germs, the smells, and the stories that surround the throne has me contemplating whether to hold it or venture into the bathroom. The following are a few myths about the toilet that I would like to put to rest.

1: Sexually Transmitted Diseases: According to many doctors it is almost impossible to contract a serious STD from a toilet seat. The only possible STD that can be transmitted through the toilet is Crabs also know as pubic lice. However, these lice can only survive without a host human body for 24 hours. Therefore the chance of contracting lice is nearly impossible. Unfortunately for unfaithful lovers you will have to find another scapegoat. My suggestion is to blame it on hotel bedding, or a hotel towel. You have a better chance of contracting pubic lice this way. As for the other horrific sexually transmitted diseases good luck. I would start looking for a good doctor and an understanding new lover.

2. Alligator: Look out for alligators taking a dip in your toilet. The myth that an alligator can get into your pipes and crawl up your toilet is false. There once was a case in New York where a large alligator was found in a New York City sewer. According to the story a few adolescents were shoveling snow into a manhole when they discovered a 7 foot alligator. New York Municipalities did some investigating and found a few small alligators in the New York City sewers. All the alligators were killed with rat poison. Now you can sit on your toilet with a little more confidence, knowing that you will have both cheeks when you get up. Even those sitting on a New York toilet.

3. Toilet seat germs: The toilet seat has the most germs in the bathroom. The bathroom has a ton of germs and bacteria but the toilet seat doesn't even rank when it comes to the dirtiest places in the bathroom. The toilet paper dispenser, door handle, toilet flush mechanism, and the floor put the toilet seat to shame. Dropping your cell phone on the floor, then placing a call gives a whole new meaning to, "talking crap."

4 Toilet flush: The toilet swirls counter clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in southern hemisphere. This is wrong, the toilet flushes the same everywhere. The Coriolis effect which is said to affect the direction of the water swirl has no influence on the toilet flush. One world, one flush.

5. John Crapper invented the first toilet: The Minoans of Crete are credited with inventing the first toilet centuries ago. The first toilet actually patented was in 1775 by Alexander Cummings. Cummings toilet left water behind after each flush, which was revolutionary. John Crapper has be dethroned from toilet royalty.

If you decide that the toilet you are about to embark upon is not of your liking. Keep this is mind. Holding it in can be painful and lead to severe negative effects on your body. Your best bet on battling the bathroom is hand sanitizer and try not to touch anything. Hovering or building a nest is also suggested.

Toilets can actually save water. A dual flush toilet can save thousands of gallons of water annually

Tag : toilet,myths,Debunkde

Friday, 8 April 2011

3 Tips For the Quickest Proven Way to Stop an Overflowing Toilet

Dealing with an overflowing toilet is never pleasant, but it always seems to happen at the most unexpected and inconvenient time. We really don't care what caused the toilet to overflow (although this information is always helpful for future reference) because time is of the essence in this situation, and we just want to stop the immediate problem as quickly as possible. But let's first look at possible causes anyway so that you will be able to prevent this headache in the future. This is easier than you might think. Either your trap, drain, or bowl is partially or completely clogged. So what are signs that your bowl might be clogged?

  • Toilet won't drain properly
  • Toilet doesn't flush
  • Toilet overflows
  • Toilet partially flushes

To immediately stop your toilet from overflowing:

1. Take off your tank lid. In your haste, remember to gently place the lid across the toilet bowl so that it won't drop and break.
2. Reach inside the tank and push down on the flapper valve. This will stop the tank from emptying any more water into the toilet bowl. The flapper valve is rubber and is usually located in the center at the bottom of the toilet tank. And don't worry, the water in the tank is sanitary so don't be afraid to put your hand in the water to reach the valve.
3. Lift up the float that operates the toilet tank fill valve. This will prevent the toilet bowl from filling up with more water because water will stop entering the tank from the toilet supply line. Note that the flapper located at the bottom of the tank will be shut.


You see the water level in the toilet bowl slowly dropping, continue holding the toilet tank float up in the highest position. This will ensure that no more water will flow into the tank or toilet bowl. If after a couple of minutes the water level has returned to normal, you can release the toilet tank float. The tank and bowl will refill without overflowing.


You see the water level in the toilet tank is not dropping after a couple of minutes, continue to hold the float up and close the toilet supply valve that is located near the floor or behind the toilet by turning it. You may need someone else to assist you in closing the valve so that you can continue holding the float up. Don't force the toilet supply valve if you can't turn it or the valve may break and result in a major leak.


You can't close the valve or if you don't see the valve, remove the small tube that is sending water through the vertical standpipe. This tube is plastic or rubber. Lift up on the tube and aim it into the toilet tank. At this point you will be able to let the float drop and allow the toilet tank to fill. Once the toilet tank has filled, you can clip the tube back in place and you shouldn't have to worry about your toilet bowl overflowing. Try to remember that if you find yourself in this situation that it happens to everyone from time to time. At least now you know how to stop your toilet from overflowing and can possibly help out a friend in the future should they happen to deal with the same problem.

Sunday, 13 March 2011

Broken Toilet? - How To Fix A Toilet's Three Most Common Problems

We all love to spruce up our home but the toilet is almost always ignored. When the toilet presents problems and it is obvious something is wrong we then begin to realize that the toilet is one of most important fixtures in our home.

Toilets are the sturdiest components of your home plumbing system. However, I would guess that there has never been a home which has not had problems with it. A runny toilet, a clogged toilet and a leaky tank are some of the most common problems you have with your toilet. If you have had or will have any of these three usual problems with yours, here are suggestions as to how you can sort them out.

Problem 1: There is Too Little Water to Clean the Toilet Bowl on Flushing

When you face this problem the first thing to do is to check the tank to see if the water level is okay. If there is no water in the tank obviously none will come out when you flush. Normally the water level should be a least one or two inches on top of the overflow tube. If water is not entering the tank one thing you can do is to hold the arm of the apparatus and bend it slightly until more water begins to enter into the tank.

Problem 2: Leaky Toilet Tank

A leaky toilet tank is a real problem because not only does it ruin the chinaware but it also leaves a mark on the floor, especially if you use cleaning chemicals in the tank.

If your toilet tank has been sweating water on the floor the ideal way to cope with this is through jackets which are specifically designed to absorb this sweat.

Another way to permanently fix this particular problem is to use a temperature valve. The valve helps stop sweating by providing a mixture of hot and cold water going into the tank. This causes a relief in condensation. This valve should only be installed if the general temperature of your toilet tank remains less than 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Problem 3: Cracked or Broken Toilet Seat

A cracked or broken toilet seat can be a real nuisance and can prevent you from using the toilet at all. Thank goodness changing your toilet seat is really not a very difficult task. There are a lot of different styles of replacement seats available commercially. Just go pick on that suits you and you are on your way. My favorite is a padded one which I find exceptionally comfortable.

Warning: Be careful to select the right size. There are only two standard sizes when it comes to toilet bowls so this should not be a problem.

All you need do is lift up the toilet seat and remove the two nuts on the hinges that hold the seat in place on the toilet bowl. Once you have removed the nuts, you can just lift the seat off.

If the nuts are rusted or corroded and not coming off easily use some oil to loosen them. Once the seat is removed place the new seat on the toilet and screw the nuts in place.


So you see these very annoying problems, when tackled soon and sensibly, don't have to cause a great deal of angst. Now that you know how to fix a toilet, relax and have joyous trips to the bathroom in your home.

Tag : toilet,borken toilet,toilet repair

Sunday, 6 March 2011

How to Replace a Broken Toilet

You can turn on a fan if the Air Conditioner breaks, bar-b-que if the stove shoots craps or hire the neighborhood kid if the mower stops, but one thing you absolutely can not do without is... a working toilet.

The easiest way to replace a broken toilet is to get in the Yellow Pages, call a plumber and pay him a $1000 to replace it. That will get you a standard water closet, as it's professionally referred to, installed and the broken one put outside for the trash man. (maybe)

Although that's probably a reasonable deal, you could do the same job yourself for about $200. Although I am a licensed plumber, you don't have to be to perform this repair if you follow my easy to understand instructions. Ready?

First, let's go to your neighborhood Home Depot, Lowes or whatever supplier around your home to buy supplies. As a caveat here, plumbing fixtures are a lot like a new car or truck. There's the $10,000 base model or the $35,000 fully loaded model. We'll stay with the base model.

Purchase a toilet, which comes with the commode and tank separately boxed, but priced together. Almost all new toilets come equipped with the internal parts of the tank assembled.

Purchase a wax ring, the type with the rubber flange attached, a toilet water supply line, being sure it's a toilet and not sink water line. I recommend the flexible water lines over the chrome, plastic or copper water lines for ease of installation. Might as well buy a new toilet seat while you're at it.

Removing the broken toilet. Here are the basic steps to removing the broken fixture.
1. Turn the water off at the stop valve located behind the toilet.
2. Once the water is shut off, flush the toilet letting it drain as much water out of the integral trap as possible. It doesn't hurt to try flushing it twice.
3. Lift the top off the tank. Depending on the amount of water still in the tank either use a wet / dry vac or a sponge to remove it.
4. Unscrew the water supply line from the bottom of the tank. Have a rag handy because water will invariably still leak out no matter how good of a job you thought you did drying the tank.
5. Inside the tank are two bolts holding the tank on to the base. Unscrew these two bolts and carefully lift the tank from the base. Remove tank to the trash.
6.There are two, one on each side of the toilet, closet bolts which hold the toilet to the floor. If there are caps over the bolts, remove or pop them open. Using a small crescent wrench unscrew the nuts from the bolts. Alternate side to side when unscrewing, this will be much more important when reinstalling the bolts, but alternate anyhow.
7. Once the nuts and washers have been removed from the bolts, slowly rock the toilet base back and forth to break the seal loose. Once loose, lift toilet straight up until it clears the closet bolts. You now have the broken toilet completely removed.
8. There will be a closet flange and a hole, which is the sewer line, in the floor. Place a rag loosely into the sewer line to keep anything from falling into it and creating a clog later. Don't lose the rag down it.
9. There will be a wax ring or residual of it stuck on the closet flange and pipe. Scrape all the wax off and wipe clean. It must be clean or risk the chance of a leak.
10. Place the toilet on its side and carefully unwrap the new wax ring you just purchased. Place the wax side against the toilet bottom where the sewer pipe and toilet will meet. Gently, but firmly press into place.
11. Lifting the toilet, and being careful not to hit the floor or anything else which could compromise the wax ring, place the toilet onto the closet bolts. Insuring the rubber flange goes down into the pipe, firmly push the toilet, with a slight rocking motion, down onto the floor.
12. Reinstall the washers and nut on the closet bolts and finger tighten. Sit on the toilet using your weight and a slight rocking motion to secure it to the floor by expanding the wax ring.
13. Using the small crescent wrench tighten the nuts on the closet bolts. Alternate sides using the same turns on each. Six turns on the right...six turns on the left...and so on until the toilet is secured tightly to the floor. Do not over tighten as you could break the base of the toilet ruining it.
14. Remove the tank from the box and secure it to the toilet base with the two bolts from inside the tank.
15. Replace the toilet water supply line with the new one. Turn on the water and allow the tank to fill with water, watching for any signs of a leak, which 99% of the time would come from the two bolts used to secure the tank to the toilet base or where the supply line connects to the toilet or the shutoff.
16. Flush toilet, again watching for any leaks.
17. Install the new toilet seat.
18. It's not a bad idea, but not required on residential homes, to run a bead of caulking around the base of the toilet and the floor.

Tag : toilet,broken toilet,broken