Thursday, 26 February 2009

Toilet Training For New Parents

Everyone has an opinion on when a child should be toilet trained. First time parents are often bombarded with comments of isn't he potty trained yet and my baby was potty trained at eighteen months. The conflicting advice can be confusing.

Are You Ready?

Toilet training isn't something you wake up one morning and decide to do. Before you begin, there are preparations that can make the whole thing easier. First, both parents need to decide the method that they're most comfortable with. Do you want to use a potty chair? A potty seat? What words are you comfortable teaching your child to communicate the need to use the bathroom. Next, decide if you're going to use a reward system. What will it be? A sticker chart? What does the child get for how many stickers? Is this the best time to start? Is there something major coming up in the near future that will throw the potty training program off schedule? If you're planning a marathon cross-country trip in two weeks, this probably is not the time to try to toilet train your baby unless you're ready to make potty stops every ten minutes.

Is Baby Ready?

Unless your child is ready to begin toilet training, you're in for a long haul and a lot of resistance. Until a child's neurological development reaches the point that the signal from the bladder reaches the brain in time to act, potty training will be futile.

You'll know your child is ready to begin toilet training when he expresses curiosity about the toilet and follows you into the bathroom to see what you are doing. You should encourage this and answer his questions. He'll also start having longer periods of clean diapers as he develops more control over his bladder and bowels.

Ease Into It

Toilet Training is a process, not an event. It can very well take several months for daytime toilet training to be successful and nighttime toilet training can take even longer so prepare yourself and your expectations accordingly. If you look at this as the final step from babyhood to childhood, the time flies. provides articles and information on How to Start Potty Training for new parents. Great free help, links and more.

Article Source:

Tuesday, 24 February 2009

How to fix your toilet in a few easy steps.

Toilets. We simply can't do without them. One of the necessary evils of our lives is that apparatus in the bathroom that sooner than later will start to develop problems.

So when problems crop up, what are you going to do?

You have two choices. One, hit the yellow pages and find a plumber. Two, tackle the job yourself. Hint"¦ the first choice will cost you dearly. However, there may be repairs that should be left to the experts simply because they involve heavy lifting.

Toilets are not high tech machines.

Toilets have very few parts. There is the bowl and the tank, that sits on the back of the bowl. First let's take a look at the bowl.

The bowl sits directly on the floor. On the bottom of the bowl there is a drain hole. That hole sits right inside the drain pipe on the floor. The drain pipe has a brass ring surrounding the lip. The ring has two flat head brass bolts that fit into slots in the ring and stick upright waiting for the bowl to be placed over the drain pipe. The slots allow for the bowl to be positioned over the bolts upright. To seal the pipe and the hole there is a wax ring that is in the shape of a large donut. The toilet bowl is set on its back or side, the seal is pressed around the drain hole with your fingers and it is ready to go. All that needs to be done is to place the bowl over the drain hole, line up the bolts, press down the bowl, place the washers and nuts on the bolts and lightly tighten them down.

The tank sits on the tank. A rubber seal sits in the joint. Two bolts with fiber washers hold the tank and bowl together.

Now for the tank. Inside the tank is a filler pipe in the center. Fitted on that pipe is a rubber flapper that covers the drain hole. There are a few different flappers but basically they do the same job. The flapper is attached to the flush handle with a chain. Turn the handle, the chain lifts the flapper, it raises up allowing water to flush the toilet. The flapper can be easily replaced because it has two ears that fit over two fingers on either side of the ring that is fitted to the filler pipe.

The float system on the left of the tank is there for the job of filling the tank with water and stopping the water when the tank is filled. To replace the float system, turn the water off with the shut-off located under and behind the toilet bowl first. Drain the tank as much as possible and then dry up the rest of the water with a sponge or rag until there is none left in the tank. With a wrench, back off the nut under the float system where it is connecting the small pipe connecting the tank to the water supply shut-off. The small pipe should be now free from the float system. Now there is only one more nut fastening the float system to the tank. Back that one off. You need to get your head down so you can see the nut under the tank.

You should follow the directions that accompany the float system for the placement of the two rubber washers and adjusting the height of the float. Now you should attach the filler tube to the float system, fit the filler tube clip onto the filler pipe and trim the filler tubing and fit it onto the clip.

Now you should turn on the water but only a little. Check for leaks. Tighten things up so that all fittings are dry. Now fill the tank, check by flushing and see that the flapper does its job. Place the tank cover on top of the tank and flush it again a couple of times.

You now have completed your first toilet repair job. Congratulations.

About The Author:
Joe and Irma Mac Millan have enjoyed the Whistler Mountain and valley area of British Columbia for many years. They have camped, hiked and skied the mountains and fished and kayaked the rivers and lakes. Their website Whistler-outdoors is a must for anyone considering a trip to Whistler as well as the 2010 Vancouver Olympics. They invite one and all to take a look.

Sunday, 22 February 2009

Nonretentive Encopresis And Toilet Training Process Refusal

An inappropriate soiling without evidence of fecal constipation and retention is referred to as “nonretentive encopresis. Signs and symptoms of nonretentive encopresis include:

•Soiling accompanied by daily bowel movements that are normal in size and consistency

There is rarely an identifiable organic cause for nonretentive encopresis. A medical assessment is usually normal. A full developmental and behavioral assessment is necessary to determine if the child is ready for intervention to correct encopresis. The assessment is also necessary to identify any barriers to success of correcting encopresis, particularly disruptive behavior problems.

Successful therapy depends upon:

•The presence of soft, comfortable bowel movements
•Addressing toilet refusal behavior

Before therapy:

•Daily scheduled positive toilet sits are recommended
•Incentives to reinforce successful defecation during these sits
•A plan for management of stool withholding agreed on by parents/caretakers and the family physician

Encopresis affects boys more than girls and may go undetected unless health professionals directly inquire about toileting habits.

About 80 to 95 percent of encopresis cases involve fecal constipation and retention. It is estimated that encopresis in which fecal retention is not a primary etiologic component is under-represented in the literature. Most of the time, children with the latter condition have daily, normal size and consistency bowel movements. Terms used to describe this problem include:

•Functional encopresis
•Primary nonretentive encopresis
•Stool toileting refusal

There are four subgroups these children may be further divided into:

•Those who fail to obtain initial bowel training
•Those who exhibit toilet “phobia”
•Those who use soiling to “manipulate” their environment
•Those who have irritable bowel syndrome

Behavioral characteristics and toileting dynamics of children with nonrententive encopresis are well described; however, few specific treatment guidelines are available for family physicians.

Research of retentive encopresis

Over the past 20 years the treatment of retentive encopresis has progressed impressively, however, less attention has been paid to the 5 to 20 percent of cases in which constipation is not contributory, or where a child refuses the toilet-training process.

Evaluation for retentive encorpresis

In most cases, the family physician is who first identifies the problem of retentive encopresis and provides an intervention. If the problem is due to the child not being mature enough for toilet training, waiting until the child matures is the sensible answer. Many times, a lack of maturity is not the cause, but it is a child who is behaviorally resistant or parents who need information on effective behavior management or toilet-training techniques.

Possible causes for retentive encorpresis

The cause for a child’s resistance must be identified first. When the cause is determined, specific therapy can be started.

1.If the problem is related to a skill deficit such as opening the bathroom door, seating self on toilet or wiping then teaching and reinforcement of those skills the child lacks is preferred to passive waiting.

2.If the child is noncompliant with adult instructions, the physician may refer the family to a pediatric psychologist familiar with compliance training techniques.

In either of the two above cases, without active intervention, a strong-willed child may refuse toilet training and create unnecessary stress on the parent-child relationship, which may in turn increase the risk of abuse.

If you have a toddler who exhibits any of the characteristics of retentive encorpresis consult with your toddler’s pediatrician for an appropriate evaluation and treatment plan.

Source: American Academy of Family Physicians

Disclaimer: *This article is not meant to diagnose, treat or cure any kind of a health problem. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Always consult with your health care provider about any kind of a health problem and especially before beginning any kind of an exercise routine.

This article is FREE to publish with the resource box.

About the Author
Connie Limon. Visit us at for more information about toilet training toddlers and for articles available as FREE reprints to your newsletters, website or blog.

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Keep Your Toilet Clean With Natural Cleaning Products

Keeping our toilet clean is essential because dirty toilets do not only look nasty and smell disgusting, they can also be a breeding ground of an ecosystem of germs and bacteria. Just imagine how disappointing taking your shower in a bathroom with a dirty toilet! Who would enjoy in that? Nobody, right? So follow these easy and professional steps on how you can ensure a clean toilet.

Make sure you are wearing utility (rubber) gloves whose color is different from the ones you use with household cleaning. This should only be exclusively used for toilet cleaning. Before you start, remove all items placed around and on the top of your items.

Most people like decorating their toilet top with figurines, decorative linens and the like. These must be removed so that we can prevent accidental drops and contaminating these with the chemicals of the cleaning products you will use later.

Proceed by wiping down the toilet with a damp sponge (or rag). Use hot water to moisten the rag and wipe the tank, the lid, base, exterior and the seat of the bowl. This will help loosen dirt and will help scatter the cleaning product.

Squirt toilet cleaner inside the bowl. There are a wide variety of cleaners available. You may want to choose a product that contains low concentration of caustic chemicals. These are natural cleaning products and they are very effective cleaners.

Moving on, start squirting the cleaner at the rim and moving towards the inner surface of the bowl. Make sure to let them soak for they will work better this way. Be sure to follow manufacturer’s directions on the label for safety.

Scrub the bowl hard with the use of a toilet brush. Depending on the graveness of the dirt, repeat brushing until completely clean. Brush around the entire bowl thoroughly. Mineral stains are the number one enemy of toilet bowls and usually accumulate at the back of the bowl and along the water level.

So make sure you pay special attention to these stains. Flush the toilet for easy rinsing. You may want to continue scrubbing while the water drains from the toilet. Repeat a number of times to ensure that you rinse the toilet thoroughly.

Buy Lysol or any bathroom cleaner disinfectant and spray all over the outside of the toilet including the seat, the toilet top and the trunk. Use paper towels to wipe away the cleaner. Do not use the same brush you used in cleaning the interior of the toilet bowl as this will definitely spread the germs on the seat or on to the exterior of the bowl.

Also, do not forget to clean the handle thoroughly. Spray the handle with the same disinfectant. Remember that the handle can be the source of transmission of germs, so really clean it well.

Include cleaning the tiles and floor surrounding the toiled by using your cleaner and a new brush (separate from the one you used in cleaning the toilet!). After which, spray them with a disinfectant spray. Wipe them clean using a rag or paper towels.

You are now ready to re-place the items that were around the toilet. Rinse them first and wipe them dry with a rag or a paper towel before putting them back. Store cleaning materials you used in cleaning the toilet properly especially cleaning products. Keep them out of reach from children.

About the Author
Cleaning your toilet may require a lot of effort and a lot of guts. But with the aid of janitorial cleaning products of your choice, your job will be a lot more easy! Consider using natural cleaning products here!

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Toilet Bowl Mop And Toilet Bowl Brush Information.

When you think about it, toilets are pretty gross. Public toilets can be used up to 100 times a day, that means 100 people are using them. It is said that whenever a toilet is flushed it releases over 5000 bacteria into the air. So, when you walk into a public restroom that is well frequented, there can be up to half a million bacteria or virus particles in the air. Those bacteria can land on handles, sinks, faucets and even the paper towels that you use to wipe your hands after you have washed them. You can use all the antimicrobial soap in the world but it won't do you any good if your smearing those dirty germs, bacteria and viruses onto your hands after you have used the soap. If you walk into a public restroom and it doesn't look clean my advice is to walk straight out. If it looks dirty to your eyes imagine how it would look under a microscope. One of the dirtiest places in a bathroom is the toilet but a toilet can be kept clean very easily with regular maintenance. If you want to try an experiment don't clean your toilet for 4 weeks and see what happens. Slowly right above the waterline a black or brownish ring will form. If you let your toilet go a little longer before cleaning, that black ring will slowly start to climb in vertical lines toward the toilet rim (by the way, that ring is about 6 inches from your behind whenever you sit down on your toilet). What is that black ring? The nasty black ring is bacteria and micro fecal buildup. A pretty nasty combination when you consider every time you flush your toilet your breathing them in.

There are many things you can do to avoid the nasty black ring on your toilet. The first is to use a low acid toilet bowl cleaner to kill the bacteria. The second is to get your self a really good toilet bowl brush or toilet bowl mop to scrub that acid around in the toilet and remove those ugly stains.

Toilet bowl brushes come in many styles but most are made from a material called polypropylene. Polypropylene won't mold and can stand up to heat and chemicals. Polypropylene strands are abrasive and can do a great job at removing the nasty toilet ring. The two main styles of toilet bowl cleaning utensils are the toilet bowl mops and toilet bowl brushes. A toilet bowl brush resembles a brush and has a wide stiff polypropylene bristle. Brushes tend to last a lot longer that toilet bowl mops because the bristle is larger and does not break away from the toilet bowl brush handle. Toilet bowl mops are meant to be discarded after repeated use and are considered by most to be a disposable toilet cleaning product. Toilet bowl mops have a ball of polypropylene strands massed at one end to form a light duty scouring surface. Over time the strands tend to break off and the mop should be discarded. Toilet bowl mops are usually a quarter of the price of toilet bowl brushes and most are have a plastic handle.

By: Lee Harris

Article Directory:

7 Tips For Buying A New Toilet

It’s easy to get excited about designer sinks, clawfoot tubs, and steam showers when you’re redesigning your bathroom. Most contractors and homeowners pay a great deal of attention to these fixtures: their design can make a big difference in function, and extras can give your bathroom a feeling of luxury.

But even though it’s the most often-used fixture in the bathroom, most redesigners don’t give a lot of thought to one feature: the humble toilet. The one you choose can make a difference, however. Read on for seven things to consider when buying a new toilet.

One-piece vs. two-piece. Most toilets come in two different designs: the one-piece and the two-piece, or close-coupled toilet. Close-coupled toilets are the most common, and tend to be the cheaper type. These employ an attached but separate tank and bowl. One-piece toilets have a tank built into the back of the bowl. These tend to be easier to clean, because there’s no small gap between the tank and the bowl. However, they’re usually more expensive. One-piece models have a lower profile than close-coupled toilets, and some redesigners like the more compact profile.

Seat shape and size. Toilet bowls come in either round or elongated models. Elongated seats are generally about two inches longer, and provide a bit more surface area—making the toilet a bit more comfortable than the round variety. Round toilets are smaller, and better for tight spaces. If you have the space for it, however, you may appreciate the comfort of an elongated bowl.

The flush system. Most toilets operate on a gravity flush system. These rely on the pressure of water in the tank as well as the weight of the water in the bowl to force water and waste into the pipes. Old-fashioned toilets with wall-mounted tanks relied on the height of the tank to increase the head pressure. Gravity-flush toilets are the most common and least expensive type.

Pressure-assisted flushing mechanisms, however, are gaining in popularity. These incorporate a cylinder of pressurized air inside the toilet tank to provide force to the flushing mechanism. These types of toilets typically have a loud, forceful flush, and are often used in commercial bathrooms.

Some cutting-edge toilet manufacturers offer dual-flush toilets that can help you save water. These offer a “half flush” for liquid waste and a “full flush” for solid waste. This lets you adjust the amount of water you use for lighter or heavier loads.

The trapway. The trapway is the part of the toilet through which water and waste exit. The larger the trapway, the better. A larger trapway allows for better flushing action and less risk of clogs. In addition, when you’re in the store, be sure to ask if a toilet’s trapway is fully glazed. A fully glazed trapway has a smoother surface. It can improve flushing performance and make the bowl easier to clean.

Toilet height. Toilets come in many different sizes and heights. If there are any senior citizens living in your home, they may find a higher toilet to be more comfortable—they won’t have to lower themselves as far to sit down on it. If you have young children, you may want to consider a shorter toilet so they can access it more easily.

Attachment method. Whether you choose a floor-mounted or wall-mounted toilet will depend on the plumbing in your bathroom. The drain line in your bathroom is the pipe that takes the water and waste from your toilet bowl to the sewer or septic tank, and this can be either a floor-discharge or wall-discharge design. If you have a floor-discharge drain line, your toilet will need to be bolted to the floor. A wall-discharge drain line requires a wall-mounted toilet. You can find both gravity and pressure-assisted toilets in both designs.

Extra features. There are many extra features that can make a toilet more sanitary and luxurious. These include heated seats; motorized seats that lower automatically; ceramic glazes that make the toilet largely antibacterial; built-in bidet and drying features; insulation that prevents condensation on the outside of the bowl; and more.

The toilet may not be the most glamorous item in your bathroom, but it’s one of the most necessary. Take your time when choosing a toilet. Be sure to measure the distance between the wall and the drain line opening, if you have a floor-discharge drain line. With a wall-discharge drain line, measure the distance between the floor and the drain line. With these measurements, you can be sure to find the right toilet for your bathroom.

By: Ray Dobson

Article Directory:

Thursday, 19 February 2009

Career in the Toilet?

Individuals not within their target career field may feel insecure, doubtful, or maybe even ashamed of their current job title. Career changers make up a large portion of the job-searching population. Although people (in general) are “creatures of habit,” they thrive for change – especially when unhappy in their current position or industry. Continuing with educational goals or transferring to another industry can alleviate these feelings, yet shouldn’t be the only remedy administered.

This list of questions will allow you to soul search, discovering what your ultimate career goal is, and what to do once you identify it. Ask yourself the following questions:

1. What do I like to do, or what am I good at? Write this title or job description prominently at the top of a blank piece of paper – preferably within a notebook or binder that will eventually transform into a journal.

2. Do I possess skills relevant to this position? If yes, what are they? Place your answer under the title or job description, from question 1.

3. If no transferable skills are obvious, what type of degree, certification, or work experience is required? List this answer next in your journal.

4. List 10 companies you’d like to work for and include the types of skills, knowledge, and qualifications they prefer in a candidate.

5. List in order of importance, each step required to reach your target career field, detailing daily, weekly, and yearly steps covering 2-4 years. This process is important to help you identify short- and long-term goals.

6. Continuously expand your journal, identifying concerns like salary, industry forecast, and schedule demand, and personal factors, such as position match to your character, expected satisfaction level, etc.

This journal should continuously grow and expand, catering to your individual needs and career field. Adding industry-specific associations, networking groups, and so on, would be typical additions to the list.

The object is to identify career obstacles, how to overcome them logically and swiftly, while progressing to the next level – setting the stage for a secure and satisfying career.

Written by Teena Rose, CPRW, CEIP, CCM, Résumé to Referral
URL: http://www.résumé

About The Author

Résumé to Referral not only associates with the industry’s top career-networking groups, Career Masters Institute and the Professional Association of Résumé Writers and Career Coaches, but has also contributed articles to various career-related sites. Additionally, select résumés have been published and featured within print publications and are being used to set industry standards.

Wednesday, 18 February 2009

Toilet Terrors and Other Potty Training Fears

Potty training fears, often called toilet terrors, are common among toddlers and small children. Look at things from your child’s perspective. He is giving up the security of a diaper for a big, cold thing with a giant hole that might swallow him. Up until this point, your child has been able to go in his diaper. He didn’t have to control himself until a potty was available. He could go anytime and anywhere, knowing that someone would always be there to change his diaper. The idea of having to go to a specific location means he will have to stop what he’s doing to use the potty. To top it all off, he looses the warmth of his diaper and must now go potty naked where other people might be watching!

Common potty training concerns and solutions:

Fear of Making a Mistake – Your child is just beginning to control his bodily functions. He won’t be perfect at it, and might worry that he will be punished for accidents. Throughout the potty training process, assure your child that you are there for him and he can come to you if he’s afraid or worried about something. When accidents happen, don’t make a big deal out of them. Simply clean up and tell him that you know he is trying. Potty training is often a good time to build a trust between you and your child that will last throughout your lives.

Fear of Automatically Flushing Public Toilets – More and more public restrooms switch to automatically flushing toilets. Children who are at the later stages of potty training (transitioned from the potty chair to the toilet) are often fearful of the public toilet flushing while they are seated. These fears can be alleviated with a simple, inexpensive device called the Flush Stopper.

Fear of Falling In – The fear of falling in the toilet is common when your child has mastered the small potty-chair and transitions to the toilet. You can help alleviate this fear by purchasing a potty seat that either fits on the toilet or attaches to the toilet such as the Flip-N-Flush or PRIMO's Ducka. The potty seats will decrease the size of the toilet hole and help your child feel more secure. The Flip-N-Flush is especially useful because it flips down for your child’s use and flips up so that other family members can easily access the regular toilet seat.

Your child’s fears need to be addressed as real and serious fears. If your child knows that you understand and are trying to help, he will feel more relaxed and comfortable while potty training.

Copyright © 2004 ZIP Baby. All Rights Reserved.

Danna Henderson
ZIP Baby
101 Convention Center Drive, Ste 700
Las Vegas, NV 89109

About The Author

Danna Henderson started ZIP Baby in order to provide parents with comprehensive potty training information as well as a large variety of potty training products. For more information about potty training, visit

Toilet Seat Covers And How They Can Protect You.

On average a well run company will clean its restrooms 3 days a week. Of those 3 cleaning days the toilet seats will be cleaned maybe once. If you work for a company that has 50 employees with 5 toilets in the building, the average toilet seat will be sat on 50 times before it is wiped down and cleaned off. What this means is that when you sit down on a toilet in that company, 50 more people have sat there before you with nothing separating there bare behind from the toilet seat you're now sitting on.

Toilets breed bacteria and germs, it is a moist warm environment where certain bacteria that are extremely bad for us thrive. A great way to protect yourself from germs living in a toilet and germs spread from person to person is to utilize a toilet seat cover when you sit on a toilet. Many private and public restrooms make available toilet seat covers which are usually mounted on a toilet stall wall in a toilet seat cover dispenser. For every restroom that offers toilet seat covers there are at least 10 that do not. A toilet seat cover can be folded up into a relatively small piece of paper smaller in size than the average envelope. They can be easily carried in a pocket or a purse for when you need it.

Toilet seat covers come in one basic style and are used as a barrier between you and a well used toilet seat. Some toilet seat covers are treated with a wax so they can be dispensed more easily from a toilet seat cover dispenser. Toilet seat covers can be purchased on cleaning supply websites and are usually sold in packs of 250 to 1000 toilet seat covers per pack. Toilet seat cover dispensers come in many styles and colors and can accent any taste in decorating. These dispensers can easily be mounted on a toilet stall wall or on a permanent wall behind the toilet. Toilet seat cover dispensers come in many colors including white, black, stainless steel, chrome and transparent black. These dispensers start at about 5 dollars and can be a welcome sight in any public restroom. Toilet seat covers are not as expensive as you would think, the average toilet seat cover costs just over a penny each.

By providing basic sanitary needs for your employees you can cut down on costly absences and maintain a more productive work environment. It is a proven fact that an employer who shows they care will have employees that care more about their jobs and therefore are more productive. If you are an employee that works for a company that does not have toilet seat covers available in their restrooms you can still protect yourself by obtaining your own and using a toilet seat cover whenever you are in public restroom.

About the Author

Great cleaning tips and cleaning information by Lee Harris can be found at Lee Harris is an expert in the cleaning industry and can answer all your questions about toilet seat covers and dispensers. Our information is concise and will give anyone basic information about the right cleaning tool for any job. On our cleaning site we also have a cleaning forum where our users can assist each other with their own questions. A cleaning services directory is readly available for cleaning companies to advertise their site by the state in which they are located.

Article Directory:

8 Steps To The Right Toilet

You might be building a new home, or fixing up the one you have. If you’re like most folks, the toilet probably does not rate very high on your list of priorities. Still, the toilet is a key piece of a comfortable, modern, well-functioning home. Following a few easy steps can assist you in the choosing the perfect toilet. Despite what you may think, there are more types of toilets available than you can imagine.

Step by step now, let’s examine:

1). The toilet bowl’s shape: You can choose an elongated shape or a round one. The round shape is appropriate if your bathroom space is limited. The larger elongated front is more comfortable and sanitary, since there is less drip on the toilet.

2). The size of the toilet: You need to consider how long, wide and high the toilet is. Make sure you measure the space available for the toilet to ensure a comfortable fit. Don’t forget about the rough-in space - the distance of the bowl’s center to the finished wall - as this too will determine the toilet’s maximum size.

3). How large is your toilet trapway?: This is the end of the toilet where waste and water leave. The minimum standard allows waste with a diameter of 1 ½ inches to pass through. The larger the trapway, the less likely clogging will be.

4). The flushing system: US water conservation laws dictate that toilets must have a 1.6 gallon tank. However, you do still have some choices. The siphon created by the weight of the water pushes through the waste and empties the bowl in gravity fed toilets. For a little extra flushing help, pressure assisted toilets use compressed air in the toilet tank. When flushing, the pressurized air pushes the water more strongly into the bowl, resulting in a better flush. Some drawbacks of pressure toilets are the higher price, increased noise and more complicated repairs.

5). One or two piece toilets: For the budget minded, toilets consisting of the two separate pieces of toilet bowl and tank are appropriate. There are up to six parts in a one piece toilet that seamlessy make it up. This is a more elegant style that is cleaned more easily and requires less space but also has a higher price tag.

6). Maintenance features: Many better toilet designs include features to easily maintain them. From the inventive minds at Japan’s Toto comes the easy to clean SanaGloss ceramic glaze which hinders buildup of mold and bacteria. EasyClean is a feature found on many American Standard toilets. The designers at Kohler have come up with an insulated liner that prevents moisture from condensation on the toilet tank’s outside.

7). How the toilet looks: While a toilet needs to work well, it also needs to look good in your bathroom. Luckily, there are many choices available for styles, colors and sizes. This can come at a price - for instance, non-white toilets tend to be more expensive. One approach you may to consider is to choose a toilet that is part of a bathroom suite, thus ensuring that are the fixtures are in harmony.

8). What else?: High end toilets may come with heated seats, warm air drying systems and built-in bidets, such as the Toto Washlets. Kohler makes the Comfort Height toilet with a higher seat for easier sitting and standing.

There, now you have 8 steps to finding the toilet that is right for you and your loved ones!

About the Author

Brad Petros writes for All About Toilets, a consumer guide to choosing the perfect toilets for your home, reviewing styles such as bidets and top brands such as American Standard toilets.

Article Directory:

Tuesday, 17 February 2009

Knowing The Right Time To Toilet Train Your Toddler

Girls are usually easier than boys to toilet train. With all the boys and girls I have ever known, this has been the case. I don’t think there is any research that actually explains why this is the case. It is also reported that fewer girls wet the bed. Actually and this is absolute truth, my daughter just one day started sitting on the potty chair and potty training was over for the both of us. She continued to use that potty chair until she was able to use the bathroom.

Some of the main signs you can watch for whether you have a boy or girl are:

• Being able to wait several hours before urinating. When urination occurs, the child empties the bladder instead of only a small amount at a time.

• The child knows the words that your family uses in connection with going to the bathroom or restroom, such as “pee” and “poop.”

• The child can get on and off of the toilet or the potty chair by themselves and can raise and lower pants unassisted

• The child generally understands and follows your verbal instructions. If your child typically does not follow your instructions, you should probably make this your step one before proceeding to toilet training.

Sometimes constipation can cause a complication while toilet training a toddler. Avoid using laxatives or stool softeners unless directed by your physician to do so. Try fiber-rich foods such as whole-grain breads, broccoli, and cereal to keep the stools easy to pass.

A good rule to follow is that children should eat enough grams of fiber to equal their age plus five. This would mean a 4-year-old needs 9 grams of fiber each day. Try to distribute the fiber equally among all three meals. Be sure your toddler is getting adequate fluids that include water, diluted fruit juices and prune juice. Do not give your child too many dairy products.

Another trick you can try is to give your toddler a teaspoonful of pure honey each morning to help soften the stools if modifying the diet is not enough. Honey is a mild natural laxative. Do not give honey to a baby younger than one year of age. Babies are at risk of getting botulism.

If your toddler is still constipated consult with your child’s pediatrician.

Once you have your toddler’s constipation problems under control resume toilet training. It may take weeks or months for your toddler to forget about the painful bowel movements enough to try poop on the potty chair. You can start with encouraging your toddler to sit on the potty chair or toilet. Once he or she poops on the potty successfully a few times, he or she should be well on their way to being toilet trained.

There is no certain or magic age at which a child is ready to start learning how to use the potty. The majority of children have developed the necessary physical and cognitive skills between 18 and 24 months of age. Some children are not interested in potty training until they are closer to 3 or even 4.

Keep in mind that starting a child on toilet training before the child is ready does not mean you will finish sooner. It is more likely the process will end up taking longer. Review the checklist below to determine your toddler’s progress toward readiness for toilet training:

• Physical signs include: Coordination enough to walk, and run steadily; urinates a fair amount at one time; has regular, well-formed bowel movements at relatively predictable times; has dry periods of at least three or four hours;

• Behavioral signs include: Can sit down quietly in one position for two to five minutes; can pull his pants up and down; dislikes the feelings of wearing wet or dirty diaper; shows interest in other’s bathroom habits or wants to wear underwear instead of diapers; gives a physical or verbal sign when he or she is having a bowel movement such as grunting, squatting or tells you; demonstrates a desire for independence; takes pride in his accomplishments; is not resistant to learning to use the toilet; is generally cooperative, not negative or contrary to your instructions;

• Cognitive signs include: Can follow simple instructions like “go get your coat or hat;” understands the value of putting things where they belong; has words for urine and stool; understands physical signals that mean he or she has to go or can tell you before it happens or hold it until he or she is able to get to the potty.

This article is FREE to publish with the resource box.

About the Author
Written by: Connie Limon. Visit us at for a wealth of information about toilet training toddlers. Also visit our sister website at All articles are available for FREE reprints to your website, newsletters or blogs.

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Top Tips For Picking The Perfect Toilet

The toilet is known by many names. Everything from "loo", "john" and even "throne" the toilet is, for many reasons, often the centerpiece of most bathrooms today. Regardless of what style of bathroom you have you'll want a toilet that completely compliments your overall design plan for that room. You definitely don't want a pokey looking, cheap toilet anywhere in the bathroom - it would totally take away from the look of the room itself. An important point is to never simply assume that all toilets are created equal. This couldn't be further from the truth.

For many years 5.5 litre and 3.5 litre flush toilets were the standard in most homes. Now, however, there's a move towards what are referred to as "low flow" toilets. They do this by only using 1.6 litres of water to achieve the same flushing performance as the other high water usage toilets. This reduced water usage will obviously save you money on both your waste and water bills each year. An additional, and obvious, benefit is that you're also helping the environment by reducing the amount of waste water being produced. Everybody can win in this case!

There is one single issue with the new style of water conserving toilets and that is that you really do get what you pay for. If you buy an unbranded "low flow" toilet then you'll probably spend more time having it fixed than you ever saved on the initial cost price. DO NOT skimp on the cost of installing a high quality low flow toilet - you'll regret it for longer than you can imagine. There's nothing worse in any family home than the toilet packing up and causing unnecessary stress.

Here's a checklist for buying your new toilet. Try to stick to as many of these points as you can afford to.

1. The toilet must conform to any local standards.
2. Only ever buy a brand name toilet. For example Kohler and Toto.
3. Decide in advance if you want a 1-piece or 2-piece toilet.
4. Do you want a gravity flush or assisted flush toilet?
5. Do you want a round or elongated toilet bowl?
6. Make absolutely sure the toilet fits with your decorating theme.
7. Most toilets need to be mounted 12 - 14 inches away from the wall. Take these measurements into account when you decide to buy.

Bet you never thought there was quite so much to a toilet did you? Now at least you're armed with the information you need to make an informed and worthwhile purchase that will do wonders for your bathroom.

About the Author
Tired of your old bathroom layout and want to find replacement wall mounted toilets? Why not check out Bathroomcentral for lots of bathroom decor and furniture ideas. This article was written and provided by Niall Roche of Bathroomcentral dot com.

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Friday, 13 February 2009

World Chess Championship Literally Goes Down The Toilet

Sometimes the cartoon world, at least as reflected in the colorful pictures and captions of mass media, gets so bonkers that a real-world headline would be right at home in a humor magazine. Take the ludicrous bauble that prompted this article. It appeared in no less a distinguished place than the front page of The New York Times on the Web: "Bathroom Dispute Halts Chess Championship."

We could have gone with that. No doubt about it.

But we prefer to see the everyday zaniness through our own eyes, so we did a bit of a redo.

If case you missed the debacle, the world chess championship was halted when a player, Russia's Vladimir Kramnik, was locked out of his private bathroom because of inferences that he was going there too often and cheating while there. Expectedly enough, the bathrooms were part of the private areas of both players that were not under video surveillance.

In a rage over what he perceived as an insult to his personal dignity, Kramnik forfeited the fifth game of the match.

The day before, his opponent's team had filed a written protest to the World Chess Federation on behalf of Bulgaria's Veselin Topalov about Kramnik's frequent bathroom breaks.

The Federation responded by locking the private bathrooms of both players and informing them they should use the same bathroom for the remainder of the match.

Going on strike at the start of the next game, Mr. Kramnik left for his private area and took a seat outside of his privy, demanding it be unlocked. When the organizers refused, he did not resume his participation, and the game was forfeited to Topalov. He was ahead in the match 3-1, with 6.5 points needed to win.

Demanding that his bathroom be reopened, Kramnik said, "My dignity does not allow me to stand this situation."

Mr. Kramnik's manager fired off a letter demanding that the committee be replaced and the decision to lock the players out of their private bathrooms be reversed. He declared that his client's frequent trips to the bathroom were due to the fact that he drinks a lot of water during the games and likes to pace. Since the private rest area is too small for his perambulations, he also "uses the space of the bathroom as well."

The letter said that Mr. Kramnik would not continue unless the federation was "ready to respect Mr. Kramnik's rights, in this case, to use the toilet of his own restroom whenever he wishes to do so."

Meanwhile, Topalov's manager shot off his own missive, maintaining that the players should be accompanied to the bathroom by a match referee, since the new ruling would permit Kramnik "to visit the new bathroom an unlimited number of times without being subject to further control." He added that if the match goes on, his client "would refrain from shaking hands with Mr. Kramnik before the games and would not take part in joint press-conferences with him."

Play, we assume, eventually resumed. But, as far as the prestige of the match goes, the handle had already been pressed.

About the Author
Tom Attea, humorist and creator of, has had six shows produced Off-Broadway. Critics have called his writing for the theater "delightfully funny," "witty," with "great humor" and "good, genuine laughs."

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Thursday, 12 February 2009

The Mundane Toilet Brush! – Making The Right Choice

We all have at least one toilet in our house or apartment and many of us have two or more. What should we find close to these toilets? A toilet brush. It is rare to find a toilet in a domestic setting that does not one nearby. Why do we put so much value in a toilet brush?

A toilet brush is useful and in fact an absolute necessity for the cleaning of the interior surfaces of the toilet bowl. There we have it, it is a cleaning accessory. It is a brush because it is required to scrub away at those resistant stubborn stains. However we live in times where individuals require that all their accessories fit in with each other and look aesthetically pleasing. Toilet brushes and their holders are no exception to this. Consequently they can be found in all manner of shapes, sizes, colours, and materials and the same applies to the holders. You can have wooden, plastic or metal handles. You can find holders that attach to the wall or are free standing. They can be found as scrubbing brushes with long handles to humorous celebrity look-alikes. Novelty toilet brushes abound in the market place.

When deciding what toilet brush/holder you should get for your toilet consider its function and relate that to its design. It has a specific function and you have to decide if its design is best suited to carry out that function efficiently. Do not buy on impulse or because it looks good and would fit in decoratively.

Let us take a closer look at its function. It is used to scrub away at the dirt and accumulated faecal debris, and when used with the correct cleaning chemical will stop lime scale built up. Lime scale, especially in those areas not so visible will allow dirt to built up because of its roughened surface. Where does all of this collect? Well it can e found any where on the inner surface of the bowl. Faecal matter tends to accumulate on the sides towards the base and below the water line on the whole of the curved inner surface disappearing finally around the bend. This area in particular can become very badly stained. The second and important site for dirt and debris accumulation is under the rim, from where the flush water appears.

The brush should have its bristles orientated in such a way that it makes scrubbing under this rim easy. The handle should be firm but not completely rigid. If it is not firm then little pressure can be exerted in the brushing process because the handle simply bends. If it is completely rigid then you will not be able to get to all the surfaces at the base of the bowl. Avoid handles that are screwed on. Invariably in the brushing action these can unscrew and you will be continually screwing them back together. Metal handled ones are frequent offenders here. Do not purchase brushes that have guards on them that also act as lids to the holders. This attachment just gets in the way of correct brushing and will not allow the brush to reach all the parts that are necessary. Do not be unduly swayed by advertising, which indicates that toilet brushes are unhygienic and hot beds of disease causing organisms. If they are used in conjunction with a good toilet cleaner then anything harmful will be killed despite what the brush may look like. Unless of course it has been used to unblock the toilet in which case it becomes caked in large pieces of faecal matter. In these circumstances it is advisable to get rid of the brush and purchase a new one. As they are subjected to daily use their useful life is often short. So why pay a lot of money for a designer brush that you will soon be throwing out anyway. Some of the best brushes are the cheapest at no more than one pound each. At those prices you can afford to chuck them out at the first sign of wear or staining. At £20 you are going to be a little more reluctant to seek a replacement. The cheap simple brushes and holders.

About the Author
David andrew Smith is the owner of who are commercial cleaners and specialists in natural stone refurbishment, care and maintenance. He has been in the cleaning industry for many years.

Published At:
Permanent Link:

Wednesday, 11 February 2009

Her Fix-it Guide to Toilet Repair

Imagine your home without toilets. Yes, the thought itself is enough to make you cringe. The toilet is often the most used, or should we say the most 'misused' fixture in the home. The importance of the toilet can only be felt at the exact point in time when something goes wrong with it. Toilets generally are a fairly easy DIY project that can be successfully completed by anyone. With just a bit of work and the tips you will find in this article, you should be able to quickly fix your toilet.

The first step in fixing a toilet is to determine the problem with the toilet. Your toilet could either be a slow moving toilet, or it could be clogged, or it could even be a running toilet. A slow moving toilet implies that you have to flush the toilet quite a number of times and the water drains away quite slowly. Slow moving toilets are often the result of clogged sewage drain pipes, and are at risk of suddenly clogging completely and overflowing. No one likes to clean up the mess an overflowing toilet creates. A running toilet is one where once you flush it, the water does not want to stop flowing into the toilet bowl. A running toilet can use up a large amount of water over a fairly short period, so it is important to get it fixed as soon as possible.

Make no difference which problem you have, you can fix it yourself. If you happen to have a clogged or slow moving toilet, then the first thing you should do is turn off water supply to the toilet. You can do this can be by turning the knob on the shut off valve to the right until the water supply stops. The valve is normally placed a few inches above the floor on the left when facing the toilet.

Now determine which the problem you have. To do this, pour a bucket of water quickly into the bowl. If it flushes slowly, the toilet has developed a clog. Clear the clog affecting your toilet by first using a plunger. If this removes the clog, then you can turn the water back on to the toilet, if it does not clear the clog, then you should try using a plumber’s snake. This tool will allow you to clear most any clog.

Once you have the clog taken care of, then you should clear the mineral deposits that tend to develop in the small holes under the rim of the toilet. This will help your toilet flush much more effectively. These holes can be cleared with a stiff bristled brush, or you can use the bent end of a coat hanger to poke the holes clear. You might also want to make use of a small mirror to see the holes that are being cleared.

If your toilet is letting water into the bowl at all times, then you have a running toilet. First off, remove the toilet tank lid and sit aside out of your way. Some people like to place it in the bathtub. Next check the ball cock, which is the valve that the float is attached to. If water is coming out of the valve, you may need to replace it.

If that doesn’t seem to be the problem, then press down on the flap at the bottom of the toilet tank to see if the water stops running into the bowl. Over time, these flaps tend to warp out of shape and cause the tank to leak into the bowl. If this solves the problem, then replace the tank flap.

Whichever needs replacing, be certain to shut off the water supply to the toilet before you begin your repair.

About The Author

Ruth Campbell owns and operates Her Fix-it Guide

Tuesday, 10 February 2009

Toilet Train Your Ferret

So your little rascal is leaving gifts all over the house?

Luckily ferrets can be trained to use a litter tray just like cats. They are very intelligent and like to be clean, so they should pick it up quickly. Your whole family should be involved in your ferret training. You can begin ferret litter training any time, although the sooner you start, the happier you and your ferret will be.

Even if you have not trained your ferret you will notice that he will pick a spot, usually in a private corner somewhere, and return to that spot when he has to poop. Ferrets do not relate having their noses rubbed in their poop with the fact that they missed the pan, so please don’t do it. Ferrets do not cover their waste, so scooping is a daily necessity and will help minimize odour. Ferrets are more likely to use a clean pan. You will find that ferrets who feel their litter box isn't clean enough will often go next to it.


Training techniques must be adapted to individual personalities, but some basic principles apply. Put some faeces into your ferret’s new pan and then put him in there. He will probably have a sniff around and should get the idea. If you see him go to the pan and go to the toilet praise and maybe even offer a healthy treat.

If he goes outside of the pan, do not scold him. Simply place him and his poop into the pan. Eventually he should get it. For some older ferrets this may take time. Most of the time, gently reminding him where the litter box is can be enough.


Clumping cat litters should not be used, unless you place the powder under other forms of litter so the ferret does not have access to the clumping litter (make sure the ferret is not a digger). Some ferrets don't like the feel of clay litter between their toes. Additionally, ferrets "wipe their bottoms" after using their litter pan, and clumping litter particles can adhere to the ferret, and absorb too much moisture from soft tissue. Most of the time, gently reminding him where the litter box is can be enough.

Be careful not to use anything that will give off dust particles.

In conclusion it may take some time, but it will be worth it when you have a fully toilet trained ferret running around the house. Maybe then you could move onto some other more advanced training?

About The Author

Catherine Smith

If You Love Your Ferret But Are Frustrated By Its Naughty Behaviour And The Numerous Annoyances Associated With Ferret Care, Then check out to Learn How To Turn Your Ferret Into The Most Well Behaved Ferret In The World, While Feeling Great About It.

Puppy Toilet Training: Tips For Owners

Puppy toilet training is one of the most important trainings in every dog's life - as well as yours being a dog owner. Having a dog that is not successfully toilet trained means having a poop-scooping and pee-cleaning life. Considering these facts, you indeed have to do something to avoid urine stains in your expensive carpet or piles of poop somewhere under your bed. What you have to do is train your puppy to eliminate at the right time at your designated spot.

Puppy toilet training is not the easiest neither an impossible thing to do. All you need is the right training advice on how to achieve your goals - a reliably trained canine companion.

First advice is to understand your dog's need to eliminate. Take note that puppies do not have full control of their bladders and bowels. Thus they must be taken out to eliminate at the following times:

- after eating
- after drinking
- immediately after waking
- when excited
- after playing or exercise
- before sleeping
Just take your dog out at least every one to two hours and you'll be safe.

Feed your dog at approximately the same time everyday. Feeding on regular schedule will help your dog establish regular potty time.

Another important thing a dog owner must understand is the signs indicating that the dog has to go. Sniffing around, circling round in one spot or holding the tail high is your dog's simple way of telling you that something is on the way.

Some people find crate as an effective tool in toilet training a puppy. Having den dwelling ancestors, domesticated dogs would never soil their dens as much as possible. This is ideal in helping them control their urge to eliminate. Just remember to take your pup out regularly to avoid soiling the den.

Understand that successful training cannot be achieved for only a day or two. Time as well as consistency and determination are other contributing factors to make Fido learn what he has to learn. Accidents will happen and if they do, never punish your dog for it. Hitting him or rubbing his nose in the spot will not make him realize his mistake but rather create behavior associated problem.

If despite your best efforts, the puppy is continually having accidents and toilet training tips don't seem to work, seek out your vet's advice. It could be sign of a disease that must be addressed at once.

About The Author:
Richard Cussons is a great lover of dogs. Tired of cleaning your dog's mess? Discover useful puppy toilet training tips here.

Friday, 6 February 2009

How to Remove Stains from Your Toilet Bowl

Does your toilet bowl have nasty brownish or yellow rings around it? Stains running from beneath the rim to the water level? A brownish rust stain in the bottom? All of these stains are caused by a buildup of minerals from hard water. Because porcelain is porous, it's especially prone to picking up these nasty stains and holding onto them forever.

Don't despair if this sounds familiar to you. There is a way to eliminate these problems and to keep them from coming back. By following these simple cleaning tips, your toilet will look great once again:

- Turn off the water to your toilet.

- Flush it repeatedly until the bowl is empty of water.

- Get some heavy duty paper towels and soak them with an all purpose bathroom cleaner or orange citrus cleaner. You can also use white vinegar.

- Line the toilet bowl with the paper towels. Let them sit there.

- Keep the paper towels wet for several hours by adding more citrus cleaner as it dries out.

- When the water spots start dissolving, get out your stiff bristled toilet brush and scrub to remove the scale. A toilet brush with a bent tip will make the job easier by getting up under the rim and into the trap to get at the source of the stains.

- Turn the water back on and rinse thoroughly.

- If the treatment didn't completely dissolve the stains, buy a pumice stone at a janitorial supply store or a hardware store.

- Wet one end of the pumice stone. Keep it wet while you work. Rub the pumice stone across the stains very, very gently.

- Switch to the nylon bent tip toilet brush again to scrub away the remains of the stain.

- Maintain the cleanliness of the toilet by giving it a daily quick scrubbing with the toilet brush. While you're at it, scrub up under the rim to remove hard water and lime deposits that will drip down the insides of your toilet. Remember to rinse the brush well and to hang it to dry when you're done.

You can remove lime scale and alkaline deposits from your bathroom sink using the same method. Just soak paper towels in citrus cleaner or vinegar and line the bowl of the sink with them. Then, keep the towels wet with the solution for several hours. After this time has passed, scrub the stains with a nylon bristle toothbrush or cleaning brush and then rinse with clear water. Voila! A sparkling clean sink to match your perfectly clean toilet.

Article Source:

Thursday, 5 February 2009

Toilet Training the Autistic Child

Toilet training any toddler can be an adventuresome and tiring ordeal. There are many methods that have hit the markets lately and these methods can range anywhere between diapers that change color when wet to musical toilets that reward the child with music when they use the potty. This task is more difficult when your child has autism. When communication is a problem, as with most autistic children, letting an adult know you need to use the bathroom can be almost impossible endeavor. Some autistic children reach the double digits in age before they learn to ask for and to use the toilet.

Most autistic children do not have the skill and sometimes to desire to mimic or imitate a behavior. Just because the parents are using the toilet and they demonstrate the behavior, the autistic child will refuse or not get the connection between the right or wrong of toilet training. Most autistic children's schedule is full and when you add something new to the schedule it usually upsets them emotionally. The addition of toilet training to their regiment could cause out right rebellion and bad behavior because they do not want to get outside of their normal daily activity.

If you are having trouble toilet training your autistic child, you might want to observe them for a few days before you try again. Watch and see if the child actually notices when they soil themselves. Do they reposition themselves so that they are not uncomfortable after an accident? Some autistic children feel natural in their own wastes while other will react by taking off their clothes. If your child is ignoring their soiling, consult with a doctor to see if your child has a medical condition that would prevent them from recognizing the feeling they are experiencing.

Now here is your part in toilet training. You need to relax and not stress over it. Time will make it happen and your stress and high emotion will only cause the stress of your child. Even the most conscious parent will overreact when they have to change yet another diaper. If your child sees it's no big deal for you, then they can relax and let the behavior come naturally. You do have to stay diligent to get the job done thought. If your child is not toilet trained by school age, limitations may be set for opportunities for education and further socialization.

One method is to watch what your child does before they soil themselves. Write down a list of what they do and when they do it. If you realize that your child gets up in the morning and drinks a glass of juice and twenty minutes later they soil themselves, then you have something to work with. If the child goes through the same routine, you can put the child on the toilet during the time they normally soil themselves and see what happens. Once you get the morning soiling scheduled, add on an afternoon and evening. Pretty soon the body will work out the system even though the child does not. It is repeated, routine behavior and eventually the child will be bought in.

Does this sound like a lot of hard work? It is. Even parents of non-autistic children stress and labor over potty training their child. Each parent will give you a different bit of advice about what worked for them, but you as a parent of an autistic child know what extra you are in for. Be patient. Try different methods and remember that you have probably never seen a teenage in pampers. It takes time and patience.

Article Source:

Toilet Seat Covers And How They Can Protect You

On average a well run company will clean its restrooms 3 days a week. Of those 3 cleaning days the toilet seats will be cleaned maybe once. If you work for a company that has 50 employees with 5 toilets in the building, the average toilet seat will be sat on 50 times before it is wiped down and cleaned off. What this means is that when you sit down on a toilet in that company, 50 more people have sat there before you with nothing separating there bare behind from the toilet seat you're now sitting on.

Toilets breed bacteria and germs, it is a moist warm environment where certain bacteria that are extremely bad for us thrive. A great way to protect yourself from germs living in a toilet and germs spread from person to person is to utilize a toilet seat cover when you sit on a toilet. Many private and public restrooms make available toilet seat covers which are usually mounted on a toilet stall wall in a toilet seat cover dispenser. For every restroom that offers toilet seat covers there are at least 10 that do not. A toilet seat cover can be folded up into a relatively small piece of paper smaller in size than the average envelope. They can be easily carried in a pocket or a purse for when you need it.

Toilet seat covers come in one basic style and are used as a barrier between you and a well used toilet seat. Some toilet seat covers are treated with a wax so they can be dispensed more easily from a toilet seat cover dispenser. Toilet seat covers can be purchased on cleaning supply websites and are usually sold in packs of 250 to 1000 toilet seat covers per pack. Toilet seat cover dispensers come in many styles and colors and can accent any taste in decorating. These dispensers can easily be mounted on a toilet stall wall or on a permanent wall behind the toilet. Toilet seat cover dispensers come in many colors including white, black, stainless steel, chrome and transparent black. These dispensers start at about 5 dollars and can be a welcome sight in any public restroom. Toilet seat covers are not as expensive as you would think, the average toilet seat cover costs just over a penny each.

By providing basic sanitary needs for your employees you can cut down on costly absences and maintain a more productive work environment. It is a proven fact that an employer who shows they care will have employees that care more about their jobs and therefore are more productive. If you are an employee that works for a company that does not have toilet seat covers available in their restrooms you can still protect yourself by obtaining your own and using a toilet seat cover whenever you are in public restroom.

Wednesday, 4 February 2009

Home Building - Bathroom Toilets

When designing your bathroom, the easiest product to pick out should be your toilet, because it's style is simply one of personal preference because all of them work in the same way. The first style point will be deciding whether you want a round or elongated model, a one or two piece, how high you want it to sit and whether you want a pressure-assisted or gravity feed. Beyond that you will have a choice of colors and ornamental trim, and several style options. Always sit down on your new throne before buying it to make sure the height and size are comfortable. An average toilet bowl will start around $200, but a royal throne could run you around $1000.

Styles and Types

One-piece or two-piece

Most toilets have separate tanks and bowls, making them two-piece, but some higher-priced toilets are one-piece, and they are generally more stylish. The benefit of a one piece is that you won't have leaks between the bowl and tank and they tend to be quieter.

Round bowl or elongated bowl

The most common toilet bowl used to be round, because it conserved space, but now as bathrooms continue to grow in size, the trend is towards elongated bowls (two inches longer than a round bowl). The standard height of a toilet is 15 inches.

Gravity or Pressure

These are the two ways by which the toilet flushes. Standard gravity-fed toilets use the weight of the water to force everything from the tank into the bowl and through the S-shaped trapway, where a siphoning action finishes the flush. The first pressure-assisted [flush] toilet was intoduced in the U.S. in 1984 by Mansfeld. Crane followed shortly thereafter and by 1986, virtually every North American manufacturer offered at least one PA model. In 1992 the government passed a law that restricted toilets to no more than 1.6 gallons per flush, as opposed to the old 3.5 gallons. These systems use trapped air to initiate the flushing mechanism.

Concealed Tank

Concealed toilet tanks are insulated and installed between the wall studs with the toilet mounted to the wall instead of the floor, making it easier to clean your toilet.


Toilets are generally made of vitreous china, which is clay fired at high temperature to form a high gloss, stain-resistant surface. They are durable but can be chipped, cracked, or broken if abused. Under normal use, however, they can last a lifetime.

A bit about Bidets

The word bidet (pronounced: bee day) is French for pony, a reference to sitting astride as if on a saddle. It is not a bathtub, shower stall or different kind of toilet (though it is placed next to the toilet) - it is hands-free, sit-down water washing unit or basin that used in place of wiping with toilet paper. Most Americans have never seen a bidet, unless they frequent upscale hotels in the U.S. and/or Europe. European's consider the bidet to be an essential part of their bathroom, in fact, no well equipped home is without one. Bidets are offered in a host of styles, from the traditional to the contemporary and usually match the toilet.